However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations, Indian tribe led by Chief Joseph; ordered onto a reservation in Idaho in 1877, they fled instead; after giving up they were removed to a reservation in Oklahoma. Native Americans depended on the buffalo to live. An economic system where the means in which private individuals, groups, or corporations own the means of production, goods are created for profit, markets are based on competition, and laborers are paid by wages. Slavery becomes outlawed in Washington D.C., California is admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico will determine whether slavery is allowed through popular sovereignty. the regulated harvesting of timber, mining of mineral resources, and use of water on forest reservations may be permitted by the Secretary of the Interior. Courtesy: Special Collections Dept., J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah. The land deals the Mexican government brokered to American settlers according to its Colonization Laws. Once Woodruff had formally renounced polygamy on behalf of the LDS, Congress’ attitude changed greatly, and the path to … He became the territorial governor in 1850. The Utah War (1857–1858), also known as the Utah Expedition, Utah Campaign, Buchanan's Blunder, the Mormon War, or the Mormon Rebellion was an armed confrontation between Mormon settlers in the Utah Territory and the armed forces of the United States government.The confrontation lasted from May 1857 to July 1858. The well-organized wagon train migration began in earnest in April 1847, and the period (including the flight from Missouri in 1838 to Nauvoo), known as the Mormon Exodus is, by convention among social scientists, traditionally assumed to have ended with the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. The U.S army killed about 200 Cheyenne during the conflict, the treaty requiring the Sioux to live on a reservation along the Missouri River, also known as Little Bighorn; General Custer and his men were wiped out by a coalition of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, Leader of Nez Perce. He signed the Texan Annexation three days before leaving office. The proposal was heavily criticized by John C. Calhoun. The Kiowa, Comanche, Kiowa-Apache, Cheyenne, and Arapaho signed this treaty which stated that these Plains Indians would have to live on reservations, learn to farm rather than roam the prairies, and learn and live the white man's way of life. A term referring to the American miners who migrated to California in 1849 after the discovery of Californian gold. A Desert Zion in Utah. He was also later defeated in the. Ceding to the United States of California and present-day New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and Utah; Payment by the United States to Mexico of $15 million; Mexico's lasting resentment over war "Race" and legacy of U.S. victory Affirmation of Manifest Destiny assumptions "Anglo-Saxon race" as innately superior The vice-president who advised the South against the Clay's compromises of 1850. Timeline of Period 5 1845: Manifest Destiny began becoming a prominent theme in American culture 1846- The Mexican-American War began April 25,1846 when President Polk offered the Mexican government money to buy new territory (California, parts of New Mexico, and Texas) and the Mexican government refused to meet with a US representative. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 1635. The Alamo later inspired American settlers to achieve victory in the Battle of San Jacinto. Fearful of papal power in America due to Irish and German immigrants, the Know-Nothing Party (which got its name from the "I know nothing" phrase its original members would answer to all questions) was triumphant in the North thanks to native Anglo-Saxon-Protestant voters. They were involved in the Mountain Meadow Massacre in 1857 after President Buchanan sent 2500 American troops to suppress a supposed Mormon uprising. The Mormon polygamy customs delayed Utah's statehood until 1896. Period 5: 1844 to 1876 (Mexican War through Reconstruction) Key Concept 5.1: The United States became more connected with the world, pursued an expansionist foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere, and emerged as the destination for many migrants from other countries. Chapter 13. Mormons settled in Utah in 1847, and received criticism in 1852 for their advocacy of polygamy. In the late 1630s, with the Great Migration in full swing and new arrivals clamoring for admission to the churches, such "merit mongers" were excluded, thereby limiting church membership to the community's "visible saints." By the end of 1847, nearly 2,000 Mormons had moved to the Great Salt Lake Valley. The Indians in return would be protected from white hunters, receive food and clothing, and have its own reservation. There were some casualties, mostly non … 1891- Western farmers supported this. Wagon train crossing the Platte River 1840s-1850s. Search. Into the Wilderness, 1846 Routes through California, 1846–1848 Route to the Great Salt Lake, 1847 The Trail in the 1850s From Wagon Roads to Railroads ... Granted any settler 160 acres to live on and care for for 5 years, had to improve land. Revolutions in transportation and communication altered American commerce. The Supreme Court act that led to the legalization of labor unions. Was stern and austere. It included Indians chasing buffalo, performing a war dance, and attacking settlers' cabins. page 2 of 3 Led the Mormon Migration to Utah. A vast area of grassland owned by the federal government where ranchers could graze their herds for free. The idea of manifest destiny was that America’s destiny was to spread across the continent to spread democracy. Spanish military settlements and colonies were people of mostly mixed Hispanic descent lived and settled in California. The Mormon leader who led the Mormon community into their "Promised Land" in the Salt Lake Valley in Utah. A Mormon leader that led his oppressed followers to Utah in 1846. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. A Christian sect whose beliefs stem from the revelations of Joseph Smith. 1649 Act of Toleration protects Christians. The rallying cry for expansionists who wanted to annex all of the Oregon County in spite of the UK's demands. Vast areas of Texan land could be paid in cheap installments by American settlers as long as they were "good" Christians and promised to establish permanent residency in Texas. Led the Mormons to Utah (1846-1847). Farmers stopped growing wide varieties of crop to feed themselves, and instead began specializing in cash crops which could yield much more profit in the market. A decade later, the Great Migration was over and applications down, some of the saints began to have second thoughts. Chivington ignored the gestures. Scott served in the War of 1812, Black Hawk War, Second Seminole War, and eventually the American Civil War, but gained fame in the Mexican-American War by capturing Mexico City. The former House Speaker and Whig leader known as the "Great Pacificator," Clay presented a series of compromises in 1850 in response to the vast territories the US won after the Mexican-American War. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 46 terms. Utah grew rapidly, and the community became a prosperous frontier theocracy. A party dedicated to anti-immigration. A Christian sect whose beliefs stem from the revelations of Joseph Smith. Brigham Young led the Mormons to Utah in 1846-1847, where they made the desert bloom through ingenious irrigation methods. A siege during the Texan Revolution that was the first major defeat for the American settlers and resulted in the death of Davey Crockett. July 24, 1847 They had embarked on a treacherous thousand-mile journey, looking for a new place to settle the "Promised Land." The Presidential winner of the 1844 Election. A young American farmer who established the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints based on revelations he experienced. 1. map, Pioneers Colonize Utah. Joseph Smith (1830) claimed to have found golden tablets in NY with the Book of Mormon inscribed on them. New York = colony-Pennsylvania William Penn Quaker Was trained as a lawyer but became an evangelist. Under Young's management, his Mormon community became a prosperous frontier theocracy and a cooperative commonwealth. THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... Chapter 15 vocab APUSH. The purchase of southern regions of New Mexico by the US in 1853 by the US ambassador to Mexico at the time, James Gadsen. 335: Term referring to Western New York because of the numerous sermons about hellfire. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Utah_Emigration_and_Immigration F. Where did they settle? Besides the specialization of industry (such as textile spinning), the North experienced the specialization of commerce and farming. Chapter 15: The Ferment of Reform and Culture (1790-1860) 55 terms. On July 24, 1847, an exhausted Brigham Young and his fellow members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints arrived in Utah's Great Salt Lake Valley and called it home. Mormon Trails. 3. map, Colonization of Utah and Surrounding States. First he waved the America Flag and the White flag of surrender. An American inventor who invented the telegraph in 1844. An American inventor who created a steel plow instrumental to the development of the West, because it could break hazardous terrains and did not require efficient and frequent cleaning. White buffalo hunters wanted buffalo hides. Also, the Fugitive Slave Law is passed. The most tragic wagon trail journey in American history, where only 48 members of the original 87 survived. 334: was the greatest of the revival preachers. Mormon trail to utah lesson plans and worksheets from thousands of teacher-reviewed resources to help you inspire students learning. Term used to describe the several conflicts with Indians during the 1860s & 1870s as Americans began to encroach upon the Indian owned land instead of just passing through it on their way west. The day they arrived in Utah is still celebrated today. US government against them. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. The American military officer who captured Santa Fe without any large opposition, and combined his forces with that of Captain John Fremont in California to eventually conquer Mexican-held California. Polk won the election after James Birney denied Henry Clay of much needed votes in New York. Not because of racial equality, but more for equal labor for white settlers. US military forces were stationed in California at the end of the revolt. 13. They were involved in the Mountain Meadow Massacre in 1857 after President Buchanan sent 2500 American troops to suppress a supposed Mormon uprising. Austin was responsible for the massive American migration into Texas, which pressed Mexico to pass its Colonization Law. APUSH Review Book Name . 40 terms. F. Austin and the American empresarios in Texas. A. Others thought we had a right to spread out due to American racial … The son of Moses Austin, who ensured that the Mexican government followed through its deal with his father in 1823 in return for his renunciation of his American citizenship. A radical reformer who lead the homestead movement and whose actions eventually led to the Homestead Act of 1862. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. 1893 act giving the state the power to regulate the mines, Brigham Young led the Mormons to Utah in 1846-1847, where they made the desert bloom through ingenious irrigation methods. John C. Fremont and the Bear Flag Republic. The Mexican general and president who attempted to clamp down on the Texan Revolution in 1835. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Period 5 (Expansion, Regional Separation, the Civil War and Its Aftermath, 1844-1877) 1845: John O’Sullivan declares America’s Manifest Destiny. 2. handout, Colonization of Utah and Surrounding States. The Cheyenne under Chief Black kettle tried to surrender. 1847-Mormoms arrive in Salt Lake Valley, Utah … Buffalo Bill began a Wild West show in 1883. Formed in 1847 - 1848, dedicated to opposing slavery in newly acquired territories such as Oregon and ceded Mexican territory. Many people believed it was apart of God’s plan. The east-west route American pioneers used to migrate to the Oregon County. The President who pursued a policy of annexing both Oregon and Texas. Also known as the "Lone Star Republic," was an independent sovereignty in North American from 1836 to 1846 as a result of the Texan Revolution. Looking to pass the APUSH Test? A stagecoach and wagon trail used by American pioneers beginning in the 1820's to migrate to Oregon, California, and Wyoming. American Pageant ch 15. 1685. He came up with Mormon or Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints antagonism toward Mormons emerged due to their polygamy, drilling militia, and voting as a unit; At first an opponent of Texan independence, he became a Texan revolutionary after being jailed by the Mexican government. The "Free-Soilers" were anti-slavery Whigs and members from the Liberty Party who banded together to prevent slavery from spreading westwards. According to Manifest Destiny, white Americans have the responsibility and right by God to civilize and expand into the West. G. Others helped too! Mormons settled in Utah in 1847, and received criticism in 1852 for their advocacy of polygamy.

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