[112] The Madurai city police force is headed by a Commissioner of police, assisted by Deputy Commissioners. [119] Madurai has three bus terminals, namely, M.G.R. [50] The temple prakarams (outer precincts of a temple) and streets accommodate an elaborate festival calendar in which dramatic processions circumambulate the shrines at varying distances from the centre. [103] The Communist Party of India (Marxist) won the seat three times during 1967–71,[104] 1999–2004[105] and 2004–09[106] general elections. The municipal corporation of Madurai has an area of 147.97 km2. [113] In 2008, the crime rate in the city was 283.2 per 100,000 people, accounting for 1.1 per cent of all crimes reported in major cities in India, and it was ranked 19th among 35 major cities in India. [114] [174] Tirupparankunram Dargah is located at the top of the Thiruparankundram hill where the cemetery of Sultan Sikandhar Badushah the then ruler of Jeddah and Madurai who travelled to India along with Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed of Ervadi during the 12th century is located. A town in the neighbouring Dindigul district is called Vada Madurai (North Madurai) and another in Sivagangai district is called Manamadurai. Avanimoolam festival is celebrated during September when the 64 sacred games of Shiva, thiruvilayadal, are recited. As early as the 3rd century BC, Megasthanes visited Madurai. Click here to know about Madurai Meenakshi Amman Kovil Varalaru, Meenakshi Temple Timings, Address & History in Tamil - மதுரை மீனாட்சி அம்மன் கோவில்! [44] Leaders of the independence movement in Madurai included N.M.R. [183] Several national meets are held here. The temple was almost completely destroyed in the year 1310 following … There are also two golden sculptured vimana (shrines) over the sanctum of the main deities. Madurai (Tamil Nadu) [India], January 14 (ANI): Tamil culture, history and language are essential for the future of India and are needed to be respected, … [154] Madurai is one of the few rubber growing areas in South India,[155] and there are rubber-based industries in Madurai. M Sevathapandi (23) was detained following the orders given by Madurai … Naanmadakoodal, meaning the junction of four towers, refers to the four major temples for which Madurai was known for. [132] The airport handled 842,300 passengers between April 2015 and March 2016. [116] Upcoming projects of medical investment by Tamil Nadu government setting up tertiary cancer centre costing Rs 45 crore has been approved and the work on the Rs 150 crore super speciality hospital on GRH premises has already started. [47] The Temple Entry Authorization and Indemnity Act passed by the government of Madras Presidency under C. Rajagopalachari in 1939 removed restrictions prohibiting Shanars and Dalits from entering Hindu temples. [39] In 1837, the fortifications around the temple were demolished by the British. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 6.27% and .31% of the population respectively. [19][20] Vaishnava texts refer to Madurai as the "southern Mathura", probably similar to Tenkasi (southern Kashi). He belongs to 2011 IAS Batch. of Tamil Nadu are appointed from the descendants family. Sri Meenakshi Amman Temple Madurai meenakshi temple of madurai. [43] The city, along with the district, was resurveyed between 1880 and 1885 CE and subsequently, five municipalities were constituted in the two districts and six taluk boards were set up for local administration. [195] The most read Tamil language daily morning newspapers include Dina Malar,[196] Dina Thanthi,[197] Dina Mani[193] and Dinakaran[198] – all these newspapers have editions from Madurai. Madurai was the seat of the Third Tamil sangam (between 300 BCE and 200 CE) (The works of both first and second Tamil sangam has been lost). [179] A visit by Dr.Martin Luther King Jr. to the museum inspired him to lead peaceful protests against discrimination. The city of Madurai has been constructed in the form of a lotus and is built around the temple. Legend has it that the Hindu god Vishnu, as Alagar, rode on a golden horse to Madurai to attend the celestial wedding of Meenakshi (Parvati) and Sundareswarar (Shiva).Before Alagar reaches the wedding, the marriage will be completed and he does not cross the vaigai river. [142] Thiagarajar College (established in 1949), Madura College (established in 1889),[143] Fatima College (established in 1953),[144] Sourashtra College (established in 1967) and M.S.S. [36] Madurai became independent from Vijayanagar in 1559 CE under the Nayaks. [19][74][75] Saurashtra is also spoken by some significant minorities. Subbaraman,[45][46] Karumuttu Thiagarajan Chettiar and Mohammad Ismail Sahib. Bus Stand and Arappalayam (for inter city buses) and Periyar Bus Stand (for intra city buses). [50][161] The temple attracts on average 15,000 visitors a day, which grows to around 25,000 on Fridays[citation needed]. [122] The Madurai Bus Rapid Transit System project is being proposed in order to improve the public transport connectivity more faster than usual in madurai. [211], This article is about the city in Tamil Nadu, India. The sangam period is the Golden age of the Tamil language. [60] The city experiences a moderate climate from August to October, tempered by heavy rain and thundershowers, and a slightly cooler climate from November to February. [15] The city is also the seat of a bench of the Madras High Court. Guaranteed Shipping! [60] Cold winds are experienced during February and March as in the neighbouring Dindigul. [138][140], The American College is the oldest college in Madurai, and was established in 1881 by American Christian missionaries. [158] The state government proposed two IT-based Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in Madurai, and these have been fully occupied by various IT companies, HCL Technologies and Honeywell have their own campuses in ELCOT IT Park in Madurai. [176] The city attracts a large number of tourists from within the country and abroad. [55] The Sirumalai and Nagamalai hills lie to the north and west of Madurai. [131] The carriers operating from the airport are Air India, Air India Express, SpiceJet, Indigo and Srilankan Airlines . [167] The event was banned in the years 2014, 2015 and 2016 following an order by the Supreme Court of India. [68] A total of 100,324 were under the age of six, constituting 51,485 males and 48,839 females. The National Highways NH-44, NH-38 and NH-85 pass through Madurai. [128][129] The airport was declared a customs airport in 2012 allowing limited number of international flights. Congress leader Rahul Gandhi on Thursday hailed the Tamil tradition of holding ‘jallikattu’ and witnessed the bull-taming event at Avaniapuram in Madurai on Pongal day. The city hosts several radio stations, including the state-owned All India Radio[189] and private channels like Hello FM, Radio Mirchi,[190] Suryan FM[191] and Radio City. Madurai is located at the distance of 462 km from Chennai, 214 km from Coimbatore, 242 km from Nagarcoil and 173 km from Rameshwaram. [147] There are seven polytechnical schools and five Industrial training institutes (ITIs) in Madurai, with the Government ITI and the Government Polytechnic for Women being the most prominent of them all. The ancient history of the region is associated with the Pandya kings, and Madurai was the site of the Pandya capital (4th–11th century ce ). [62], According to 2011 census based on per-expansion limits, the area covered under the Madurai Municipal Corporation had a population of 1,017,865[1] with a sex-ratio of 999 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. [164][165], Alagar Koyil is a celebrated Vishnu temple 21 kilometres (13 mi) northeast of Madurai situated on the foothills of Solaimalai. Cotton crop cultivation in the regions with black soil in Madurai district was introduced during the Nayaka rule during the 16th century to increase the revenue from agriculture. [186] Santhanakoodu festivals in Madurai are celebrated on various days during the Islamic calendar year to commemorate Islamic saints.[187][188][174]. [54] It has an average elevation of 101 metres. [43] Police stations were established in Madurai city, housing the headquarters of the District Superintendent. [125] There are ten other sub urban railway stations serving the city. The decorated icons of Meenakshi and her consort are taken out in a procession from the Meenakshi Temple to the Mariamman Teppakulam. In 1801, Madurai came under the direct control of the British East India Company and was annexed to the Madras Presidency. [55][59] Madurai is hot and dry for eight months of the year. [9] Located on the banks of River Vaigai, Madurai has been a major settlement for two millennia. The sewer system was first established by the British in Madurai in 1924 to cover the core city area, which covers 30 per cent of the present city area. இப்பக்கத்தைக் கடைசியாக 30 திசம்பர் 2020, 09:53 மணிக்குத் திருத்தினோம். It is the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Madurai District, the third largest city in Tamil Nadu and 44th most populated city in India. It started functioning in July 2004.[115]. A study based on the data available with the Indian Meteorological Department on Madurai over a period of 62 years indicate rising trend in atmospheric temperature over Madurai city, attributed to urbanisation, growth of vehicles and industrial activity. The Nayak reign was an era noted for its achievement in arts, cultural and administrative reforms, revitalization of temples previously ransacked by the Delhi Sultans, and inauguration of a unique architectural style. Tamil Nadu - Tamil Nadu - Cultural life: Hinduism lies at the core of the culture of Tamil Nadu. Cheapest prices ever. [89] Madurai was upgraded to a municipal corporation on 1 May 1971[90] as per the Madurai City Municipal Corporation Act, 1971. The fact that the Lord is seen on the vehicle of Indira in this temple is said to be proof for this. [50] The city is divided into a number of concentric quadrangular streets around the temple. [28] Madurai is also mentioned in Kautilya's (370–283 BCE)[29] Arthashastra. [166] The deity, Kallazhagar, is believed to be the brother of Meenakshi, the presiding deity at the Meenakshi temple. [14][148] There are three teacher training institutes, two music colleges, three management institutes and 30 arts and sciences colleges in Madurai. ... think Tamil culture, language and history … The icons are floated in the tank on a raft decked with flowers and flickering lamps. The Madurai Nayaks were Tamilized rulers of Telugu origin from around 1529 until 1736, of a region comprising most of modern-day Tamil Nadu, India, with Madurai as their capital. The king performed a yajna, a ritual before a sacrificial fire, to ask for the boon of an heir, a son. The Cholas who were very active during the Sangam age were entirely absent during the first few centuries. This temple is dedicated to the goddess Meenakshi, who is regarded to be an Avatar of Parvati, and her consort, Shiva, in his form as Sundareswara. Textiles and jewellery also play a major contribution, popular textile chains include The Chennai Silks, Pothys, Nalli (wardrobe store), Saravana Stores, Max Fashion and jewellery chains such as Joyalukkas, Jos Alukka & Sons, GRT Jewellers, Bhima Jewellers, Kirtilals, and more than 50 Medium and small shops. The temple is the first among the Six Abodes of Murugan and is one of the most visited tourist spots in Madurai, next only to the Meenakshi Amman Temple. [146] There are 47 approved institutions of the university in and around the city, consisting of autonomous colleges, aided colleges, self-financing colleges, constituent colleges, evening colleges and other approved institutions. [20] The city's axes were aligned with the four-quarters of the compass, and the four gateways of the temple provided access to it. [210], On 27 January 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid a foundation stone for the new AIIMS hospital project in Thoppur at a cost of Rs. It was believed that a divine force would cause the work of superior merit to float on the surface, while the inferior ones would sink. Part of the city which falls under Thirupparankundram assembly constituency comes under the Virudhunagar Lok Sabha constituency. The daily sound and light show organised by the department explains the virtues of King Thirumalai and the features of the palace. [19][26], Madurai has been inhabited since at least the 3rd century BCE. Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple located on the south side of the Vaigai River in Madurai and is one of the most prominent landmarks of the city. The bull taming event is held in the villages surrounding Madurai, and people from the neighbouring villages throng to the open grounds to watch man and bull pitting their strength against each other. A 120 feet Dindigul Bye pass road of Madurai, a roadway of commercial business unit and Shopping such as Levi Strauss & Co, Reliance Retail, Indian Terrain, Metro Shoes, Big Bazaar and food restaurants such as Dindigul Thalappakatti Restaurant, KFC, Domino's Pizza,Hotel Gowri Krishna, Ibaco, and some electronics such as Sony Centre, iPlanet.Famous retail chain Decathlon Group and DMart also contributes. [184] It also hosts several international and national level kabbadi championships. During this day there will be huge crowd will be present near the river too see Lord Alagar in the river. Apart from telecom, BSNL also provides broadband internet service and Caller Line Identification (CLI) based internet service Netone. MADURAI: A 23-year-old history-sheeter from K Pudur in Madurai city was detained under Goondas Act on Tuesday. [56] The land in and around Madurai is utilised largely for agricultural activity, which is fostered by the Periyar Dam. [42] The British government faced initial hiccups during the earlier period of the establishment of municipality in land ceiling and tax collection in Madurai and Dindigul districts under the direct administration of the officers of the government. It was in Madurai, in 1921, that Mahatma Gandhi, pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India, first adopted the loin cloth as his mode of dress after seeing agricultural labourers wearing it. [111] The district is divided into four sub-divisions, namely Thallakulam, Anna Nagar, Thilagar Thidal and Town,[111] with a total of 27 police stations. [127] Madurai Airport established in 1957, is located at Avaniyapuram, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from the city. Madurai is located at 9°56′N 78°07′E / 9.93°N 78.12°E / 9.93; 78.12. A legend narrated in the, Tiruvilaiyatarpuranam, a 13th century Tamil text, narrates the story of Pandyan king Malayadhwaja of Madurai (a legendary figure), who was childless. [120] There are 12,754 registered three-wheeled vehicles called auto rickshaws, which are commercially available for renting within the city. Madurai Junction is the major railway station serving the city. He was the topper in 2001 Batch Deputy Collector exam (Group –I) conducted by Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission. The Communist Party of India (1957–61[107]), Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar) (1996–98[108]), Janata Party (1998[109]), Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (2009–2014[110]) and All India Anna Dravida Munnertra Kazhagam (2014–2020) [87] have each won once. There are several import and exporting activities in Thoothukudi harbour to various countries like Singapore and Colombo.An initiative process by the Tamil Nadu government has announced to develop Madurai - Thoothukudi Industrial Corridor in the year of 2014 by the finance minister at the estimated cost of ₹1,83,819 Crore and it covers 13 districts and fund released by Tamil Nadu Infrastructure Fund Management Company Ltd [137], Madurai has been an academic centre of learning for Tamil culture, literature, art, music and dance for centuries. Nearest Popular Hill station are Kodaikanal 116 km (72 mi), Sirumalai 90 km (56 mi), Munnar 154 km (96 mi), Kumily 138 km (86 mi) from Madurai. Tamil Nadu Congress Committee TNCC chief KS Alagiri and DMK Youth Wing Secretary Udhayanidhi Stalin also witnessed the ‘Jallikattu’ event along with Rahul. [123] The state government announced a monorail project for Madurai called as Madurai Monorail in 2011, which is in planning stages. [81] The compounded annual growth rate dropped from 4.10 per cent during 1971–81 to 1.27 per cent during 1991–2004. [42] The municipality was headed by a chairperson and elections were regularly conducted for the post except during the period 1891 to 1896, when no elections were held due to violent factionalism. [169] It was constructed under the supervision of Kazi Syed Tajuddin, who is a descendant of Islamic Prophet Muhammad. If Tamil Nadu is the seat of South Indian temple architecture, the Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is its crowning glory. Ruled by Pandya kings for the longest time in its history, it is called as the 'Lotus City' as it was planned and built in the shape of a lotus. Small Industries Development Corporation Kappalur has many polymer and houseware manufacturing units.some software companies have opened their offices in Madurai. [41] The city was constituted as a municipality in 1866 CE. The period started with the rivalry between the Pandyas and the Pallavas, which in turn caused the revival of the Cholas. Special prices for all products. Madurai is closely associated with the Tamil language, and the third Tamil Sangam, a major congregation of Tamil scholars said to have been held in the city. [95][96] From 1957, the Madurai parliament seat was held by the Indian National Congress seven times in the 1962–67,[97] 1971–77,[98] 1977–80,[99] 1980–84,[100] 1984–89,[101] 1989–91[102] and 1991 elections. Temperatures during summer generally reach a maximum of 42 °C and a minimum of 26.3 °C, although temperatures up to 43 °C are not uncommon. Madurai Pill Shop. [205], About 400 metric tonnes of solid waste are collected from the city every day by door-to-door collection, and the subsequent source segregation and dumping is carried out by the sanitary department of the Madurai Municipal corporation[206] All the major channels in Madurai are linked by the corporation to receive the flood water from primary, secondary and tertiary drains constructed along the roadsides to dispose of rain water. "Thoonga Nagaram", term is used to refer Madurai, means " the city which never sleeps". [90] The functions of the municipality are devolved into six departments: General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town planning and the Computer Wing. [204] Water supply is provided by the Madurai City Corporation with overhead tanks and power pumps. Many historical evidences of the temple have been found dating back from early A.D. It is dedicated to Meenakshi, a form of Parvati, and her consort, Sundareshwar, a form of Shiva. There are government hospitals such as Government Rajaji Hospital, Employees' State Insurance ESI Hospital, Government hospital thoracic medicine and private hospital such as Apollo Hospitals, Vadamalayan Super speciality hospital, Meenakshi Mission hospital, Velammal Medical College Hospital & Research Institute. Jallikattu, Tamil Nadu, Madurai, COVID Restrictions, COVID-19 pandemic, jallikattu sport, jallikattu news, bull-taming sport, jallikattu video Many sacred sites and structures in India have mythical origins, and the city of Madurai near the southern tip of the subcontinent in Tamil Nadu state is no exception. According to legend, the sacred Suyambulingam discovered by the king of Gods indira at Kadambavanam, was later enshrined by him in Madurai. It was further expanded in 1959 and 1983 by a corporation plan. It includes a part of the blood-stained garment worn by Mahatma Gandhi when he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse. இது, மதுரை … According to the, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCorporation_Commissioner (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFFatima_College,_Madurai (, All India Anna Dravida Munnertra Kazhagam, Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (Madurai). Enforcement of law and order in the suburban areas are handled by the Madurai district police. [118] Madurai is one of the seven circles of the Tamil Nadu State Highway network. Once, a farmer called Dhananjaya noticed Lord Indra worshipping the swayambhu or the self-created Lingam under a Kadamba tree, while he was passing through the forest. [60] Being equidistant from mountains and the sea, it experiences similar monsoon pattern with Northeast monsoon and Southwest monsoon, with the former providing more rain during October to December. 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