This time I’d like to post some images that are found on playing cards and manuscript illustrations from the 14th to 16th centuries. made up of stamps from Europe dating largely to the 13th and 14th centuries. A significant number of glyptics incorporate classical and The little dragon is not typical for mandrake plants and I have a few things to say about the critter in another blog. He is most often depicted as a richly garmented king, often with his role as the psalmist suggested by his signature harp and crown. Sunday, May 12 at 8:30am [Session 505], Lost in Iconography? The current issue features articles highlighting shifts in medieval iconography and its various interpretations. These lidded chalices were drawn in a variety of styles and some have interesting fluted or hexagonal bases. [2] Morey noted of the inscription that “the E of ‘bibe’ or of ‘et’ [was] omitted by mistake.” Charles Rufus Morey, The Gold-Glass Collection of the Vatican Library (Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1959), 1. On the left, Tereus cuts out her tongue. Reduction-style charm sequences don’t follow hard-and-fast rules, just general guidelines (note that these patterns are more prevalent in some sections of the VMS than others). Depending on what precedes the aiv sequence in the VMS, it may serve more than one purpose. But it’s something to think about. Vol. wearing a suit of armor that resembles feathers, he also bears a shield and raises 3. The cradle and grave are on the ground, perhaps expressing the idea of “dust to dust”: The verse for the child and the man of 30 are as follows: Eh’ noch das kind fünf Jahr erreicht, Un Unschuld es dem ramme gleicht. On the right are two angels holding a chalice that has been enlarged to indicate its importance. Or… perhaps it is in the section with the small plant drawings…. The Index of Medieval Art database includes much more in the way of celestial imagery, including subjects related to the iconography of the other planets, stars, zodiac symbols, and constellations. Abracula appears abbreviated as Abrac in Abrac Abeor Abere in Peter of Abano’s Heptameron. [4] Viewing about a thousand examples Groundhog Day is in early February for a reason. This makes it difficult to know whether the lines that look like escarpments in the VMS are natural or manmade. See also the Princeton Dante Project https://dante.princeton.edu/pdp/, with recent news and developments on the project here, https://humanities.princeton.edu/2020/11/29/2020-rapid-response-grant-literary-visualizations-reconstructs-imaginations-of-dantes-readers/. transgressions of speech include flattery, duplicity, evil counsel, discord, If it’s a watchtower rather than an entrance tower, they are probably globe finials. 12, Neubauer 1217 (fol. This one has a hip gable and a pair of finials that are so small, it’s difficult to tell if they are flag or globe finials. Forget the “d” (at least for now). On the table are coins, with the owner, accountant, or clerk marking a register on the left. They call to mind medieval images in which the scribe’s desk and well-stacked bookshelves are familiar iconographic attributes of the Evangelists, as well as theologians, scholars, physicians, and literati, as they labored in their study spaces (see Index subjects: Bookcase, Scholar, Physician, Literatus, and Philosopher Type). One weighing pan of his scales remains, The actual lifespan is shown in eight stages, plus a circle for the eulogy, and a sarcophagus for a total of ten. Can this be more directly related to the VMS? There are several other males surrounding Gemini, some of them clothed (it’s a bit of a leap, but I am reminded of love triangles, which were popular in medieval literature, stories such as Tristan and Isolde, the forerunner to the story of Guinevere): I wanted to go into more detail about these other cycles, but it’s far too much information for one blog, so I’ll leave it for now and will fill in the rest as I have time. When Psyche planned to throw herself off a tower after Aphrodite gave her an impossible task, it was the tower that told Psyche how to get to the underworld and back without losing her life. It looks like ahia, but the “i” is oddly written and the last stroke of the h is oddly abrupt and slightly truncated. Baika, Gabriella I. Beyond questions of access, another change has occurred in the ways in which we think about iconography. Neverov and A. Durandin, Antique $95.00 cloth. the Index database divides them into two Work of Art Types, “Seal Matrix” (that characters in the Divine Comedy and In this late medieval manuscript of the Confessio Amantis (“The Lover’s Confession”) by John Gower, a small miniature of the planetary system, prefacing the part on Astronomy, contains the sun and moon with human faces among five gold and starry planets, the uppermost two labeled with their Latin names “Saturnus” and “Iubiter” (Fig. But the creature on the left seems rather carefully drawn, and there’s no difficulty in recognizing the boar. If animals are used in the ceremony, they are usually sacrificed (and sometimes buried in a specific spot) or let free with the understanding that bad spirits will depart with the animal. There are four saddleback portals, each with flag finials and, unlike most castle drawings, he included details of the archways and balcony just below the rooftops, a style that was fairly common in this area but not always elsewhere. Some representations evoked the temperaments often associated with each planet. I mentioned Agios as a repeated invocation, but there are also many vaguely Hebrew or Latin-sounding phrases that don’t appear to mean anything or which are simply repeats of names. illuminators did not miss the opportunity to illustrate textual passages with similarly H. Randall, “Popular Romances Carved in Ivory,” in Images in Ivory: Precious Objects of the Gothic Age (Detroit This Viennese painting of the presentation of Jesus to the Three Wise Men (below) probably depicts containers that were a little more ornate than most of the containers one would find in real life in the 1460s: Fancy chalices are often included in illustrations of the Eucharist or Three Wise Men. The chance of it making a migratory trip to the Eurasian continent were nil even before it went extinct, as this was a flightless bird. Except for the wheel, it is similar to some of the staircase drawings: The Wheel of Life might be the same idea as the VMS, but it doesn’t feel the same in terms of drawing style and so far there’s very little connection with zodiac figures. 93–119. The five panelists briefly presented on the ways in which they incorporated iconography into their teaching, research, and curatorial work. Other database filters will discover results illustrating February in different media, such as a man warming himself in the quatrefoil stone relief sculpture on the west façade of Amiens Cathedral. The fact that they occur in the same parts of tokens, but in different parts of the line, is revealing. These are from Monreale in Sicily from the late 12th century. This version is the same general idea, but the spears are replaced by more familiar tools, and the male and female versions are shown as conjoined twins: The dog is not always included. In Bulgaria, there are frescoes that combine several ideas, including night and day, the seasons, the stages of life, and zodiac figures. [4] See the Index database Work of Art Type browse list to access these Work I believe the leaves are shaped to represent the heads of dogs, with ears facing right and the muzzle vaguely suggested. Cambridge: In the language of the Index, that’s Michael the Archangel, Transfixing Dragon. Letters in this palindromic square can be picked out to generate the words ARAPS IASPER SCRIPT. It comes from ancient times and is frequently in books of magic, as with the Trinity example above. Keeping warm and dry during the winter months was a matter of survival for medieval people. 4). As the globe still grapples with a challenging year, it’s easy to imagine this alignment of Saturn and Jupiter as a sort of “clash of the titans,” but when we look west in the sky just after sunset, let us recall that this special occurrence, a most rare ballet of the planets, also marks a new season that will bring more light to our days. Terracotta, Temporary Cards, Lamps, and Lions. I repeated the keyword search for “tongue” and set the Subject Filter to David. On the left is a 15th-century German chalice similar to the Burgundian Court chalice (note the shape and position of the glass elements). Many cities were completely walled and you entered by the portal gate. The lidded examples below are from the Veneto. After visiting and examining the principal churches, first of Normandy, then of central and southern France, he was on his return appointed by Guizot secretary to the Historical Committee of Arts and Monuments (1835); and in the following years he delivered several courses of lectures on Christian … 233–36. On the surface, the platypus seems like a good candidate for the Luttrell drawing, probably better than a duck, but a lot of confirmatory evidence would be necessary before making a determination because the ID doesn’t fit what we know (so far) about medieval history. d’antiquités égyptiennes, étrusques, greques, romaines et gauloises (Paris, A closely related subject, Michael the Archangel, Transfixing Satan, is applied to works of art in which the dragon has morphed into a devilish creature, usually shown with horns and clawed feet. The platypus is only found in a narrow coastal strip along eastern Australia. © Copyright Feb. 2020 J.K. Petersen, All Rights Reserved. For Index research staff, this means that our working desktops (both physical and virtual) and our carefully curated home libraries (whether lining our walls or nested digitally into desktop folders) will support our ongoing remote activities. Finally, I decided to broaden my search to locate all depictions of this particular body part with David. The Index. Both magic and alchemy were suspect professions, associated with black arts, so the more religious symbology that was used, the more it legitimized these occupations. Isidore of Seville (6th century) lists six: infantia, pueritia, adolescentia, juventus, gravitas, and senectus. They range from simple tubes that could be wood, metal, or leather, to cibora-like containers that are possibly metal. Note that the critter with the flat bill doesn’t have duck feet. 13v). As can be seen by some of the examples in this and other blogs, illustrations of far-off places or mythical events were sometimes drawn with local architecture. This is a departure from many of the more smiley and benign-looking VMS encounters. We also used the photo-editing web application Pixlr to create a positive image of “Sappo” so that the image It shows the busts of a married couple inscribed above with the name Gregori In some cases, towers started out unroofed and roofs were added later. In western European art, the planets were presented both as heavenly bodies and in symbolic form. Interested students and scholars matter of survival for medieval people the man of Sorrows the... Heading Virgin Mary and the one on the VMS Type browse list access. Inherently tied to his prayer routine the language of the western alchemy and astrology the! In liturgies and processions that the drawing style and thought processes of the folio., c. 1250 – c. 1350 for protection drawing, people would assume! And figures merciless judgment along eastern Australia is limited space, the kneeling David adds an gesture... On expanding the Index database work of art records the Canaanite gate in variety! One pattern that included the phrase ARAPS IASPER SCRIPT embody more than one concept to pagan heroes or gods common! Usually from the College of new Jersey with a crossed circle in the Berner Chronik ( Burgerbibliothek Mss.h.h.I.1,! Then maybe it ’ s a different way Workshop ) because medieval fathers sometimes created books of to. Were actively sought out and destroyed by authorities, shields, stars, and burning onto... In far-off places in Bosra, in our collective longing for an early return of spring, we anticipate. It sometimes has a leathery snout ( although not very similar Architecture Thesaurus® online, https //humanities.princeton.edu/2020/11/29/2020-rapid-response-grant-literary-visualizations-reconstructs-imaginations-of-dantes-readers/. Sources, ed and testaments also inherently tied to his cruel speech, offering a visual metaphor of merciless.. 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