An estuary is a body of water where fresh and salt water mix. The bolide hurled millions of tons of debris and rocks into the atmosphere, leaving a gaping, smoldering crater in the continental shelf. The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary to the North Atlantic, lying between the Delmarva Peninsula to the east and the North American mainland to the west. The emerging rivers were diverted southward around the tip of the lengthened peninsula. Photo Credit: Yvonne Navalaney/Shutterstock, Photo Credit: Beverley, R./The Capital and the Bay: Narratives of Washington and the Chesapeake Bay Region, 1600-1925, Photo Credit: Will Parson/Chesapeake Bay Program. It is the largest estuary in the United States and home to a huge number of plants, animals and people. The Chesapeake region is home to at least 29 species of. Ice sheets that covered the poles and Canada some 2 million years ago periodically pushed their way into the present-day United States. The watershed's eastern and southern boundaries are less dramatic: they do not contain mountains, only high topographic areas connecting ridgelines that separate the Susquehanna River basin from the Delaware River basin in the northeast. 0 … To its east lies the Delmarva Peninsula and to its west is the mainland. This stratification, or layering, of water varies depending on the season and weather conditions. The 23-mile span offers more than a connection between Virginia Beach and the Eastern Shore. The Chesapeake Bay is about 200 miles long, stretching from Havre de Grace, Maryland, in the north to the mouth at Virginia Beach, Virginia. The depression created by the Chesapeak Bay impact crater caused river valleys to converge, which led to the eventual location of the Chesapeake Bay millions of years later. Five substantial rivers feed the western half of the Bay: the Patuxent, Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James. The Chesapeake Bay enters from the Atlantic Ocean up in the eastern shore of virginia and eventually into the eastern shore of maryland. According to historical evidence, it was in 1807 that two puppies of the Newfoundland breed were rescued from a shipwreck in Maryland. The first bridge that was built is now the eastbound span, and the newer bridge is the westbound span. More than 100,000 streams and rivers thread through the watershed and eventually flow into the Bay. The facility carries US 13, the main north-south highway on Virginia’s Eastern Shore, and provides the only direct link between Virginia’s Eastern Shore and south Hampton Roads, Virginia. Its 64,000 square mile watershed encompasses one of the most economically significant regions of the United States. Chesapeake is ranked as one of the six best places to live by MONEY Magazine (for cities with 100,000+ population in the East). The area of the watershed is about 64,000 square miles. The Chesapeake Bay is North America's largest estuary and has a shoreline of more than 12,800 kilometers (8,000 miles). The target region was on the marine continental shelf at the time of impact, and most of the region is still or again underwater today. The surface area of the Bay and its tidal tributaries is approximately 4,480 square miles. Chesapeake Bay Facts Chesapeake Bay is an estuary (partially enclosed brackish body of water) located inland from the Atlantic Ocean along Virginia and Maryland in the United States. The other half (freshwater) drains into the Bay from the enormous 64,000-square-mile watershed. The Chesapeake Bay’s land-to-water ratio is 14:1: the largest of any coastal water body in the world. A watershed is an area of land that drains into a particular river, lake, bay or other body of water. In most places, the high topography of the Blue Ridge physiographic province defines the western boundary of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. These tributaries are direct conduits carrying runoff and pollution into the Bay. A walk around the block is not enough to maintain his … The Bay produces about 500 million pounds of seafood per year. A rift or gap opened in the supercontinent of Gondwanaland, separating South America and Africa. Chesapeake Bay Facts . American Indian 685,150. It is 200 miles long and varies in width from 3.4 miles to 35 miles at the mouth of the Potomac River. Rivers transport sediments and deposit them at the mouths of tributaries and along margins of the Bay, forming broad, flat deposits of mud and silt. The Atlantic Ocean started to form about 200 million years ago. Chesapeake Bay is considered to be North America's largest estuary, stretching approximately 200 miles in length. The Chesapeake Bay watershed, stretching from Cooperstown, New York, to Norfolk, Virginia includes parts of six states — Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia, and the entire District of Columbia. In this lesson, we'll explore the story of its planning, construction, and use, and see how it changed life in the bay … Fact 2 The bay in Maryland has the Chesapeake Bay Bridge that stretches from Sandy Point to Kent Island. The Susquehanna River is the Bay’s largest tributary, and contributes about half of the Bay’s freshwater (about 19 million gallons per minute). Chesapeake Bay Facts for Kids The thickest part of the bay is known as the hole and is about 174 feet in depth. The first indigenous people settled the Chesapeake Bay area circa 9,500 B.C. The creation of the Accomack spit protected the western shoreline of the Bay from the ocean's power for the first time, which was important to the formation of the Bay. At its narrowest point between Kent County's Plum Point (near Newtown) and the Harford County shore near Romney Creek, the bay isabout 2.8 miles (4.5 km) wide. The Bay is surprisingly shallow—the average depth is about 21 ft. Campus Facts. The average depth is 21 feet (7 m). The Chesapeake Bay is the largest of 130 estuaries in the United States. Sea level continued to rise, drowning a series of river beds, until the Bay as we know it today was formed about 3,000 years ago. It is one of the largest known impact craters on Earth. The modern Chesapeake Bay watershed is framed by mountains on the north and west and the lower elevations on the east and south that formed from the slow collision of the African and North American tectonic plates. At its narrowest point between Kent County's Plum Point (near Newtown) and the Harford County shore near Romney Creek, the bay isabout 2.8 miles (4.5 km) wide. A watershed is an area of land that drains into a particular river, lake, bay, or other body … It includes pollution limits sufficient to meet state water quality standards for dissolved oxygen, water clarity, underwater Bay grasses, and … Many miles,many attractions. Collectively, the Chesapeake’s three largest rivers—the Susquehanna, Potomac and James Rivers—provide more than 80 percent of the fresh water to the Bay. Glaciation frequently changed the sea level, contributing to the formation of the coastal plain. Fourteen percent of watershed residents use, Twenty-six percent of watershed residents have replaced an area of their grass lawn with, Forty-six percent of watershed residents never use toxic pesticides in or around their homes. The Bay Bridge is actually two side-by-side bridges, but we refer to it as just the “Bay Bridge”, even though there are 2 separate bridges. Chesapeake Bay Facts Width and Depth. The stewardship information above was collected through the 2017 Citizen Stewardship Index: the first comprehensive survey of stewardship actions and attitudes in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Asian 209,128. A watershed is an area of land that drains into a particular river, lake, bay, or other body of water. Many of the islands that existed in the Bay during colonial times are now submerged. While one-third of watershed residents have volunteered their time or donated their money to a charitable organization, less than two in ten volunteers have done so for an environmental organization. Its 64,000 square mile watershed encompasses one of the most economically significant regions of the United States. Chesapeake Bay, largest inlet in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the eastern United States. The significant phase of forming the peninsula occurred in the early or middle Pleistocene period (1.8 million to 11,500 years ago) with the development of the Accomack spit. The Bay contains two distinct layers of water. The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary: a body of water where fresh and salt water mix. Here are some fun facts about the Chesapeake Bay Bridge: The Bay Bridge is actually the William Preston Lane, Jr. Memorial Bridge, named after former Maryland Governor William Preston Lane, Jr, who started its construction. The Chesapeake Bay Retriever has a unique coat that seems to be barely wet when the dog emerges from the water. The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in North America, and one of the largest in the world. A zone of intensive mixing called the pycnocline separates these two layers. Posted in: America Spanning the Chesapeake Bay from Delmarva Peninsula to Virginia Beach, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel (which turns 50 in 2014) has been called one of the world’s engineering marvels.. The dogs were found to be skilled at retrieving and were especially good in the water. The Chesapeake Bay (/ ˈ tʃ ɛ s ə p iː k / CHESS-ə-peek) is the largest estuary in the United States. The Chesapeake Bay watershed stretches from Cooperstown, New York, to Norfolk, Virginia, and includes parts of six states—Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia—and the entire District of Columbia. Nine in ten watershed residents never toss food wrappers, cups or cigarette butts on the ground. Hard, durable rocks persisted under these conditions and became the notable landmarks of the landscape. Geographic history—the story of the structure of the Earth—has several components that need to come together in order to tell the whole tale. At its widest point, just south of the mouth of the Potomac River, it is 30 miles (50 km) wide. Uncover interesting details about the Bay's geography, flora, fauna and people with this list of facts and figures. The northern part of the watershed (or drainage basin) is bordered by the Appalachian Mountains of Pennsylvania and New York. As the freshwater sinks and the saltwater rises, nutrients from the Bay's bottom are pulled nearer to the surface where phytoplankton and other organisms can utilize them. Warmer, less dense freshwater flows near the surface of the Bay from the north to the south and into the Atlantic Ocean. They require minimal coat care, but grooming with a rubber brush occasionally is advised to help keep the coat in good condition and to control oil in the coat. Its average depth, including all tidal tributaries, is about 21 feet. At 4.3 miles lon… Pet waste contains bacteria that can harm human health and contaminate the water we use for drinking, swimming and fishing. It is the largest of more than 100 estuaries in the United States and third largest in the world. Between the spans of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge, Virginia Beach side of the Chesapeake Bay (Chicks Beach). The mouth of the Chesapeake Bay is about 12 miles wide between its northern point near Cape Charles, Virginia, and its southern point close to Cape Henry, Virginia. Sea level at that time stood approximately 30 feet (9 m) lower than the present level. Seventy percent of watershed residents want to. The Bay itself is about 200 miles long, stretching from Havre de Grace, Maryland, to Virginia Beach, Virginia. The Chesapeake Bay is a place of evolving geology, ecology, economy, and culture. 4. This article will explore the bridge-tunnel’s history, and provide facts and … The Chesapeake Bay has the largest land-to-water ratio (14:1) of any coastal water body in the world. They require minimal coat care, but grooming with a rubber brush occasionally is advised to help keep the coat in good condition and to control oil in the coat. The freshwater layer sinks as it cools, usually resulting in rapid mixing. This is why our actions on land have such a big impact on the Bay’s health. An estuary is a body of water where fresh and salt water mix. In 1952, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge opened to the public. The average depth of the Chesapeake Bay is 46 feet and the maximum depth is 208 feet. The Chesapeake Bay watershed includes parts of six states (Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia), and the entire District of Columbia. In spring, melting snows and runoff from frequent rains add freshwater to the system. This rugged dog should be taken hiking, biking, jogging, and swimming as often as possible. Many miles,many attractions. The eastern rivers of the Chesapeake Bay are quite different from those in the west. Created by the submergence of the lower courses of the Susquehanna River and its tributaries, it is 193 miles (311 km) long and 3 to 25 miles (5 to 40 km) wide. The Susquehanna River is the Bay’s largest tributary and contributes about half of the Bay’s freshwater (19 million gallons per minute). Around 0600 hours, the frigate Iris, covering the rear of the British squadron, signaled the presence of the French force astern. When sea levels fell, the more northerly rivers could no longer flow directly southeast across the wide continental shelf. Interesting Facts About the Chesapeake Bay The Bay is 30 miles wide at its widest point and 2.8 miles at its narrowest point. The Chesapeake Bay extends 200 miles and encompasses a large geographical area in Maryland and Virginia. Chesapeake Bay Facts • The Chesapeake Bay is North America’s largest estuary, encompassing 2500 square miles. The coppered bottoms of the British ships, which retarded the growth of weed and other sea life that could reduce ship speed, had allowed them to outpace the French ships, many of which lacked this maritime innovation. About 35.5 million years ago an exploding meteor collided with Earth and formed a massive crater. During periods of high sea levels, the Delmarva Peninsula, the Chesapeake's "Eastern Shore," lengthened into a major barrier spit. Heavy seas, strong wind, and variable visibility marked 16 March 1781 in the Atlantic waters off the entrance to Chesapeake Bay. Founded in 1982 on the southern shore of the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia Beach, Westminster-Canterbury is a not-for-profit Life Plan retirement community sponsored by the Episcopal Diocese of Southern Virginia and the Presbytery of Eastern Virginia of the Presbyterian Church.The beachfront community is designed for active people age 62 and over. It takes six days for water to flow from the farthest corner of the watershed—the head or source waters of the Susquehanna River in New York—to Havre de Grace, Maryland, where it empties into the Chesapeake. Because rivers flow along the path of least resistance, the depression created by the crater caused river valleys to converge, setting the stage for the formation of the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay is about 200 miles (300 km) long, from the Susquehanna River in the north to the Atlantic Ocean. 410 Severn Avenue The Chesapeake Bay is the nation’s largest estuary. Oxygen is present underwater in dissolved form, and in order to thrive, animals like blue crabs need dissolved oxygen concentrations of, There were many different tribes in the region before Europeans arrived, but the dominant group were Algonquian speakers known collectively as the. With the wind from the west, … Double layered, the wavy coat has oil in each layer, and is designed to dry quickly. ), when melting glaciers flooded the Susquehanna River Valley. The southern part of the bay is bordered by Virginia and its northern part by Maryland. was formed nearly 12,000 years ago when glaciers melted and flooded the Susquehanna River valley; is—most historians believe—named after the Algonquin word chesepiooc, meaning "great shellfish bay;" is approximately 200 miles long, stretching from Havre de Grace, Maryland, to Norfolk, Virginia; The Chesapeake Bay holds more than 18 trillion gallons of water. The Chesapeake Bay is about 200 miles (300 km) long. Privacy Policy, Chesapeake Bay Program Erosion, transportation, and deposition of sediments are constantly changing the Bay's shorelines. Chesapeake Bay Retriever dogs may come with dead-grass, sedge, light brown, dark brown tan, and original brown colors. It is one of the most productive estuaries in the world, with over 3,600 species of animals and plants. Just How Big Is The Chesapeake Bay? Sediments eroded from higher elevations into the low-lying areas created as the Atlantic Ocean opened. A … These rivers travel across an important geologic feature, the fall line, which marks the transition from Coastal Plain to Piedmont. When the sea level rose, water covered the Coastal Plain, depositing marine sediments to form a type of sand that geologists call the Chesapeake Group. See a larger image of the rivers to the Bay. Facts and figures for the Chesapeake Bay courtesy of the Chesapeake Bay Program: The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary: a body of water where fresh and salt water mix. Long exposure of a jetty and the Chesapeake Bay Bridge, from San. Natives of the Bay. The available nutrients and minerals in the water create ideal breeding and nursery areas for fish and other Bay dwellers. By 10,000 years ago, the main channel of the ancient Susquehanna River valley was flooded and became a narrow estuary. The mingling of the freshwater with ocean water creates an estuary. Battle of the Chesapeake (September 5, 1781), in the American Revolution, French naval victory over a British fleet that took place outside Chesapeake Bay. At its narrowest point, the Bay is 2.8 miles (4.5 km) wide. Chesapeake Bay is an estuary (partially enclosed brackish body of water) located inland from the Atlantic Ocean along Virginia and Maryland in the United States. These same layers form the Appalachian Plateaus. The Bay receives about half of its water volume from the Atlantic Ocean. The depression created by the crater changed the course of rivers and determined the location of the Chesapeake Bay. The Bay receives about half its water volume from the Atlantic Ocean in the form of saltwater. It includes parts of six states—Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia—and the entire District of Columbia. At its widest point, just south of the mouth of the Potomac River, it is 30 miles (50 km) wide. The erosion-resistant Blue Ridge is the highest part of the Appalachian Mountain range. The sinking freshwater carries much-needed dissolved oxygen to deep waters. Thirty-five million years ago a warm, humid tropical rain forest covered the Appalachian Mountains. The Chesapeake Bay is about 200 miles (300 km) long, from the Susquehanna River in the north to the Atlantic Ocean. The clearing of forests and other impacts of population growth continue to alter the Bay's landforms and increase sedimentation. Chesapeake Bay. Today, a chain of small islands is all that remains of the original Poplar Island. At the widest location, it is 30 miles (50 km) wide. Experts Consider Chesapeake Bay an Ecosystem in Recovery (February 3, 2015) - The latest look at Chesapeake Bay health reveals an ecosystem in recovery. In an instant, this landscape changed forever when a bolide, a large meteor, 1.8–3.1 miles (3–5 kilometers) in width smashed into the shallow ocean at an astounding 70,000 miles per hour. The original bridge span was 4.3 miles long and was the world's longest continuous over-water steel … Sea level continued to rise, drowning a series of river beds, until the Bay as we know it today was formed about 3,000 years ago. > About Us > Facts The Bridge-Tunnel project is a four-lane 20-mile-long vehicular toll crossing of the lower Chesapeake Bay. At the widest location, it is 30 miles (50 km) wide. Where mixing occurs, nutrients and sediment are suspended. As we start exploring the Chesapeake, I thought I'd share some facts and trivia with you. Because they contribute only a fraction of the water produced by the western rivers, the eastern half of the Bay is saltier, slower moving, more given to marshes, and more productive of saltwater plants such as submerged aquatic vegetation. 1. The Chesapeake Bay is rich in history and natural beauty. To its east lies the Delmarva Peninsula and to its west is the mainland. The Chesapeake Bay is the nation’s largest estuary. We just call it the “Bay Bridge”. Watch the videos below to learn about some of the critters that live here and the issues that affect Bay restoration. It runs a distance of 4.3 miles and is able to carry 1,500 vehicles in every lane, per hour. Thereafter, the Bay, as we now know it, was created about 10,000 years ago (8,000 B.C. Along the southern side of the Bay, a very subtle topographic rise separates the rivers flowing north to the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia from those flowing south to North Carolina. Get the latest updates on our work delivered to your inbox. Sea-level rise has also changed the landscape. The Bay’s width ranges from four miles near Aberdeen, Maryland, to 30 miles near cape Charles, Virginia. The battle made possible the successful Franco-American Siege of Yorktown and was decisive in forcing the surrender of General Charles Cornwallis in October 1781. The rising waters from the melting glaciers of the Pleistocene age reached the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay about 10,000 years ago. Today the ridges along the Blue Ridge Parkway in Virginia prominently display these rocks, made of granite and gneiss. As glaciers and sea level adjusted, so did the rivers. By the mid-1700s, as farmers cleared more and more land for agriculture, sedimentation filled some of the navigable rivers used for travel. The Chesapeake Bay watershed is home to more than. Around 250 million years ago, plate movement changed and mountain-building ceased, leaving the Appalachians to the weathering effects of wind, rain, ice, and gravity. Everyone within the Chesapeake Bay watershed is just minutes from one of the streams or rivers. Facts about the Chesapeake Bay and Watershed. The Chesapeake Bay’s average depth is about 21 feet. Double layered, the wavy coat has oil in each layer, and is designed to dry quickly. The Chesapeake Bay crater is an 85 km impact structure formed during the late Eocene, about 35.4 million years ago. Fun and Quick Facts About the Chesapeake Bay. That amount of water would fill more than fifty … Dy Point State Park, Maryland. Tel: (800) YOUR-BAY (968-7229) It includes parts of six states—Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia—and the entire District of Columbia. At its narrowest point, the Bay is 2.8 miles (4.5 km) wide. Approximately 284,000 acres of tidal wetlands grow the Chesapeake Bay region. Sediment has since filled much of the channel, forming the shallow Bay. The Chesapeake Bay Program is a unique regional partnership that has led and directed the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay since 1983. During glacial times (lower sea level), rivers had to work their way across the exposed continental shelf to dump their sediment loads into the ocean. The bay holds more than 18 million gallons of water. The enormous watersheds of these rivers produce huge flows of freshwater, which cause the western half of the Bay to be less salty, more silty, cluttered with woody and other vegetative debris, and generally more active than rivers on the eastern side. In autumn, the freshwater cools faster than the deep saltwater. In addition to Maryland, the Chesapeake Bay drainage basin includes parts of the states of West Virginia, Virginia, … The birds stop to feed and rest on the Bay during their annual migration along the Atlantic Migratory Bird Flyway. During this period, the lower Susquehanna River basin started to fill up with seawater. The weight of male and female is different in Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog breed like; the female may have 25kg to 32kg’s weight, and a Chesapeake Bay male could be 30kg to 36kg’s heavy. Chesapeake, VA 23320 Phone: (757) 382-6411 Toll Free: (888) 889-5551 www.chesapeakebay.net. Half of pet owners always pick up after their pet, but one-third of pet owners seldom or never do so. The bay … Annapolis, MD The Bay is surprisingly shallow. For example, Joppatowne, Maryland, once a seaport, is now more than 2 miles (3 km) from water. Black 1,243,471. Rising sea level moved up into the river, "drowning" it. Between 6,000 and 7,000 years ago, the rate of submergence began to slow, and the Chesapeake Bay took on its characteristic drowned-river-valley shoreline pattern. Chesapeake Bay Facts Comments News Videos The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary in the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia. 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