This unique location makes Istanbul the heart of Eurasia. The region is bounded by the Turkish Straits to the northwest, the Black Sea to the north, the Armenian Highlands to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west. Antalya Turkey Map Print, Map Art Poster, Anatolia, City Street Road Map Print, Nursery Room Wall Office Decor, Printable Map EarthSquared. As the name "Asia" broadened its scope to apply to the vaster region east of the Mediterranean, some Greeks in Late Antiquity came to use the name Asia Minor (Μικρὰ Ἀσία, Mikrà Asía), meaning "Lesser Asia", to refer to present-day Anatolia, whereas the administration of the Empire preferred the description Ἀνατολή (Anatolḗ "the East"). The main portion of the Turkish state is located on the Anatolia peninsula, also known as Asia Minor, the westernmost part of Asia. This city was the birthplace of the last king of Babylon, the Assyrian Nabonidus and his son and regent Belshazzar.  Geographers have variously used the terms East Anatolian Plateau and Armenian Plateau to refer to the region, although the territory encompassed by each term largely overlaps with the other. Upon the fall of Seljuk Empire another Seljuk State is established: Seljuk Sultanate Of Rum. Filed Under: ABOUT TURKEY, HISTORY Tagged With: Turkey. This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 21:09. I am a licensed tour guide operating in Istanbul. Anatolia comprises most of modern Turkey. The Byzantine Empire was an extention of the Roman Empire. Maps of Central Anatolia, Turkey Cappadocia (free TTP map) Including Aksaray, Avanos, Göreme, Kayseri, Kırşehir, Nevşehir, Niğde and Ürgüp.  Since the minting of coins was a prerogative accorded in Islamic practice only to a sovereign, it can be considered that the Osmanli, or Ottoman Turks, had become formally independent from the Mongol Khans. Choose from several map styles. There are temperate broadleaf, mixed and coniferous forests. 5 out of 5 stars (239) 239 reviews. The Phrygian expansion into southeast Anatolia was eventually halted by the Assyrians, who controlled that region.. , After 1180 BC, during the Late Bronze Age collapse, the Hittite empire disintegrated into several independent Syro-Hittite states, subsequent to losing much territory to the Middle Assyrian Empire and being finally overrun by the Phrygians, another Indo-European people who are believed to have migrated from the Balkans. They finally captured Constantinople too. Anatolia is also known as Asia Minor or Lesser Asia. A period of peaceful Hellenization followed, such that the local Anatolian languages had been supplanted by Greek by the 1st century BC. Emperor Constantine the Great, moved the royalty of Roman Empire from Rome to Constantinople (Istanbul) in 330 A.D. A central massif composed of uplifted blocks and downfolded troughs, covered by recent deposits and giving the appearance of a p… Turkey in Asia 1 : 1500000 In: Treaty Series No. The Anatolian peninsula is bounded by the Black Sea to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Aegean Sea-itself an arm of the Mediterranean - to the west, and the bulk of the Asian mainland to the east. A continuous reverse migration occurred since the early 19th century, when Greeks from Anatolia, Constantinople and Pontus area migrated toward the newly independent Kingdom of Greece, and also towards the United States, the southern part of the Russian Empire, Latin America, and the rest of Europe. Over several centuries, numerous Ancient Greek city-states were established on the coasts of Anatolia. From shop EarthSquared. Sivas, Sivas Belediyesi, Sivas merkez, Sivas, Central Anatolia Region, 58040, Turkey (39.75036 37.01452). Byzantine Empire fought against them but they lost the deadly Battle of Manzikert. These are maps used by hundreds of sites on the internet and become anonymous. Anatolia may be defined in geographic terms as the area bounded to the north by the Black Sea, to the east and south by the Southeastern Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea, and to the west by the Aegean Sea and Sea of Marmara; culturally the area also includes the islands of the eastern Aegean Sea. In the Late Bronze Age, Hittite New Kingdom (c. 1650 BC) was founded, becoming an empire in the 14th century BC after the conquest of Kizzuwatna in the south-east and the defeat of the Assuwa league in western Anatolia. Along with the Çoruh, these rivers are the longest in "Eastern Anatolia". Among leaders of newly formed Independence Army, there was the founder of Turkish Republic: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. The %3 of Turkey is settled on Balkans (Thrace). Istanbul symbolizes the Anatolia perfectly due to its perfect strategical position. It is not to be confused with, The traditional definition of Anatolia within modern Turkey, excluding most of, Post-Hittite Anatolia (12th–6th century BCE), Vazken Khatchig Davidian, "Imagining Ottoman Armenia: Realism and Allegory in Garabed Nichanian's Provincial Wedding in Moush and Late Ottoman Art Criticism", p7 & footnote 34, in, "On the First Thema, called Anatolikón. This is Serhat Engul. 1920. , During the 6th century BC, all of Anatolia was conquered by the Persian Achaemenid Empire, the Persians having usurped the Medes as the dominant dynasty in Iran. Anatolia is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. The Isaurian Incident of Ammianus Marcellinus", "Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests", "Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests", "Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests", "Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests", "Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests", "A Kurdish Majority in Turkey Within One Generation? The Asian region of Turkey, called Anadolu in Turkish.. Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, is a large, mountainous peninsula of approximately 755,000 square kilometers (291,500 square miles) that extends from the Caucasus and Zagros mountains in the east and is bordered by the Black Sea on the north, the Aegean Sea on the west, and the Mediterranean Sea on the … Anatolia's terrain is structurally complex. The average elevation of the peaks is greater than 2,000 meters (6,560 feet). It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.  Beginning with the Bronze Age collapse at the end of the 2nd millennium BC, the west coast of Anatolia was settled by Ionian Greeks, usurping the area of the related but earlier Mycenaean Greeks. It is characterized by a network of independent city-states cantered on fortified towns and dominated by palaces and temples. Kurmanjis and Zazas constitute a major community in southeastern Anatolia, and are the largest ethnic minority. Anatolia remained multi-ethnic until the early 20th century (see the rise of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire). Early Bronze Age of Anatolia Turkey The Early Bronze Age of Anatolia and Thrace covers a period approximately 3.000-2.000 cal. Major Anatolian languages included Hittite, Luwian, and Lydian, while other, poorly attested local languages included Phrygian and Mysian. In 499 BC, the Ionian city-states on the west coast of Anatolia rebelled against Persian rule. The region is bounded by the Turkish Straits to the northwest, the Black Sea to the north, the Armenian Highlands to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west.  Under this definition, Anatolia is bounded to the east by the Armenian Highlands, and the Euphrates before that river bends to the southeast to enter Mesopotamia. Istanbul symbolizes the Anatolia perfectly due to its perfect strategical position. Eventually, it collapsed following the World War I. The eastern border of Anatolia has been held to be a line between the Gulf of Alexandretta and the Black Sea, bounded by the Armenian Highlands to the east and Mesopotamia to the southeast. Anatolia has a varied range of climates. Seven regions of Turkey has 4 different climate. The former generals of disarmed Ottoman army revolted against the last of the Ottoman Sultans and the occupier forces. Modern Turkey is founded by him following the 4 years struggle for indepence from 1918 to 1922. The Russian male name Anatoly, the French Anatole and plain Anatol, all stemming from saints Anatolius of Laodicea (d. 283) and Anatolius of Constantinople (d. 458; the first Patriarch of Constantinople), share the same linguistic origin. As observed on the physical map of the country above, the European part of Turkey called Eastern Thrace is located at the extreme eastern edge of the Balkan Peninsula. Anatolia has always been an interesting region in a historic point of view.  Neolithic Anatolia has been proposed as the homeland of the Indo-European language family, although linguists tend to favour a later origin in the steppes north of the Black Sea. The Hittites originated from local ancient cultures that grew in Anatolia, in addition to the arrival of Indo-European languages. Agriculture had come early to Anatolia (that part of the modern country of Turkey which is called Asia Minor). Anatolia was one of the first places where Christianity spread, so that by the 4th century AD, western and central Anatolia were overwhelmingly Christian and Greek-speaking. I plan to produce a series of short video diaries documenting my travel experiences in your unique and historical country. Much of the region then fell to the short-lived Iran-based Median Empire, with the Babylonians and Scythians briefly appropriating some territory. By the 8th century BCE farming communities were well established in the region, and some of the earliest towns excavated by archaeologists were located here. The Sea of Marmara forms a connection between the Black and Aegean seas through the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits and separates Anatolia from  Alexander's conquest opened up the interior of Asia Minor to Greek settlement and influence. The growth slowed down after the Sultan Suleiman. The capital was the same for all of them: Istanbul. The Neo-Assyrian empire collapsed due to a bitter series of civil wars followed by a combined attack by Medes, Persians, Scythians and their own Babylonian relations. According to the legends of ancient Greek and Latin literature, Troy was the city center and setting for the Trojan War, one of the most notable stories from the Greek myths. As the Ottoman Empire further shrank in the Balkan regions and then fragmented during the Balkan Wars, much of the non-Christian populations of its former possessions, mainly Balkan Muslims (Bosnian Muslims, Albanians, Turks, Muslim Bulgarians and Greek Muslims such as the Vallahades from Greek Macedonia), were resettled in various parts of Anatolia, mostly in formerly Christian villages throughout Anatolia. The Cimmerians overran Phrygia and the Scythians threatened to do the same to Urartu and Lydia, before both were finally checked by the Assyrians. The Sea of Marmara forms a connection between the Black and Aegean seas through the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits and separates Anatolia from Thrace on the Balkan peninsula of Southeast Europe. In classical antiquity, Anatolia was described by Herodotus and later historians as divided into regions that were diverse in culture, language and religious practices. Alexander the Great crossed through the Anatolia on the way to Persia and Asia. Watkins 1994; id. Organized trade between Anatolia and Mesopotamia started to emerge during the period of the Akkadian Empire, and was continued and intensified during the period of the Old Assyrian Empire, between the 21st and the 18th centuries BCE. According to archaeologist Lori Khatchadourian, this difference in terminology "primarily result[s] from the shifting political fortunes and cultural trajectories of the region since the nineteenth century.  From the 9th century BC, Luwian regions coalesced into a number of states such as Lydia, Caria and Lycia, all of which had Hellenic influence. I owned a holiday villa in Didim for 8 years and recently worked with the Turkish Ministry of Justice for 21 months. I hope the articles I posted on this site help you in planning your Istanbul trip. Three mighty Empires ruled in Anatolia from 4th Century A.D. to the 20th century. In Cappadocia (Central Anatolia, Turkey, Fig.  The modern Turkish form Anadolu derives directly from the Greek name Aνατολή (Anatolḗ). The earliest historically attested populations of Anatolia were the Hattians in central Anatolia, and Hurrians further to the east. ", Population distribution and settlement in Turkey, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anatolia&oldid=999764601, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from September 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In the following century, the Byzantines managed to reassert their control in western and northern Anatolia.  The Assyrians and Hittites were then left to battle over control of eastern and southern Anatolia and colonial territories in Syria. According to the widely accepted Kurgan theory on the Proto-Indo-European homeland, however, the Hittites (along with the other Indo-European ancient Anatolians) were themselves relatively recent immigrants to Anatolia from the north. Interactive Map, road and geographical Ankara offered by DirectBooking.ro ! Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP), Turkey Description: Planned for hydroelectric power generation purposes in the 1970s, the Southeastern Anatolia Project (in short GAP Project) has evolved into a multi-purpose one with socio-economic/rural development dimensions after … However, the Hittite advance toward the Black Sea coast was halted by the semi-nomadic pastoralist and tribal Kaskians, a non-Indo-European people who had earlier displaced the Palaic-speaking Indo-Europeans. the Eastern Roman Empire") was understood as another name for the province by the invading Seljuq Turks, who founded a Sultanate of Rûm in 1077. Attested for the first time in the Assyrian tablets of Nesa around 2000 BCE, they conquered Hattusa in the 18th century BCE, imposing themselves over Hattian- and Hurrian-speaking populations. Unlike the Akkadians and Assyrians, whose Anatolian trading posts were peripheral to their core lands in Mesopotamia, the Hittites were centered at Hattusa (modern Boğazkale) in north-central Anatolia by the 17th century BC. Incomparably northern part of Turkey has Black Sea climate which is similar to that of Great Britain. Eastern Roman Empire had Balkans, Anatolia and majority of Middle East. Read More…. The last Assyrian city to fall was Harran in southeast Anatolia. The Turkification of Anatolia began under the Seljuk Empire in the late 11th century and continued under the Ottoman Empire between the late 13th and early 20th centuries and under today's Republic of Turkey. The map of image 6.2 shows the topography of the region, where Anatolia refers to “Asia Minor”, and the territory to its east is named the “Armenian Highlands” or … Anaolia is a broad peninsula located between the Asia and Europe. August 10, 1920 War Office Turks had lived in Central Asia during the ancient ages. A glance at a topographical map of Turkey eveals that this is a country of mountains. Control of Anatolia was then split between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm, with the Byzantine holdings gradually being reduced. This theme is called Anatolikón or Theme of the Anatolics, not because it is above and in the direction of the east where the sun rises, but because it lies to the East of Byzantium and Europe.". Only after the loss of other eastern regions during the 7th century, and the reduction of Byzantine eastern domains to Asia Minor, that region became the only remaining part of the Byzantine East, and thus commonly referred to (in Greek) as the Eastern (Ανατολής / Anatolian) part of the Empire.  The Black Sea and Marmara coasts have a temperate oceanic climate, with cool foggy summers and much rainfall throughout the year. Free topographic maps visualization and sharing. The Ionian Revolt, as it became known, though quelled, initiated the Greco-Persian Wars, which ended in a Greek victory in 449 BC, and the Ionian cities regained their independence. The Hattians were an indigenous people, whose main center was the city of Hattush. From the late 8th century BC, a new wave of Indo-European-speaking raiders entered northern and northeast Anatolia: the Cimmerians and Scythians. Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula or the Anatolian plateau, is a large peninsula in West Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. , It was one of the wealthiest and most densely populated places in the Late Roman Empire. You may see the details of this tour on the HOMEPAGE of the blog. , Among the Turkish leaders, the Ottomans emerged as great power under Osman I and his son Orhan I. The first recorded name the Greeks used for the Anatolian peninsula, though not particularly popular at the time, was Ἀσία (Asía), perhaps from an Akkadian expression for the "sunrise", or possibly echoing the name of the Assuwa league in western Anatolia. Ottoman princedom was one of the many pieces that was left from Seljuk Sultanate. The south and west coasts enjoy a typical Mediterranean climate, with mild rainy winters, and warm dry summers. The most ancient period in the history of Anatolia spans from the emergence of ancient Hattians, up to the conquest of Anatolia by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE. In the second millennium B.C. More than that, Bosphorus Strait of Istanbul ties the Black Sea and Sea of Marmara. From the 10th to late 7th centuries BCE, much of Anatolia (particularly the southeastern regions) fell to the Neo-Assyrian Empire, including all of the Syro-Hittite states, Tabal, Kingdom of Commagene, the Cimmerians and Scythians and swathes of Cappadocia.  The Euphrates, Araxes, Karasu and Murat rivers connect the Armenian Plateau to the South Caucasus and the Upper Euphrates Valley. 2009. I wish you success in your project. Book Anatolia Resort Hotel, Cirali on Tripadvisor: See 248 traveller reviews, 186 candid photos, and great deals for Anatolia Resort Hotel, ranked #4 of … Flat or gently sloping land is rare and largely confined to the deltas of the Kızıl River, the coastal plains of Çukurova and the valley floors of the Gediz River and the Büyük Menderes River as well as some interior high plains in Anatolia, mainly around Lake Tuz (Salt Lake) and the Konya Basin (Konya Ovasi). , The highest mountain in "Eastern Anatolia" (on the Armenian Plateau) is Mount Ararat (5123 m). , By the end of the 14th century, most of Anatolia was controlled by various Anatolian beyliks. These are the map results for Anatolia, Turkey. The Greek word refers to the direction where the sun rises, coming from ἀνατέλλω anatello '(Ι) rise up', comparable to terms in other languages such as "levant" from Latin levo 'to rise', "orient" from Latin orior 'to arise, to originate', Hebrew מִזְרָח mizraḥ 'east' from זָרַח zaraḥ 'to rise, to shine', Aramaic מִדְנָח midnaḥ from דְּנַח denaḥ 'to rise, to shine'.. However, they did not necessarily displace the population genetically; they assimilated into the former peoples' culture, preserving the Hittite language. Situated in northwestern Anatolia, Turkey, is one of the world’s most famous archaeological sites, the ruins of Troy. Page 46: The second testimonium for the late survival of Galatian appears in the Life of Saint Euthymius, who died in ad 487. I will start recording in 2 weeks time.  After the decline of the Ilkhanate from 1335 to 1353, the Mongol Empire's legacy in the region was the Uyghur Eretna Dynasty that was overthrown by Kadi Burhan al-Din in 1381. Another Indo-European people, the Luwians, rose to prominence in central and western Anatolia circa 2000 BC. I wish you a wonderful trip! Author of this blog, Serhat Engul, is a licensed tour guide based in Istanbul. I wish you a nice holiday in Istanbul! Thus (land of the) Rûm became another name for Anatolia.  It is not well understood how the Osmanlı, or Ottoman Turks, came to dominate their neighbours, as the history of medieval Anatolia is still little known. Jul 22, 2013 - Best educational sites for kids, children, teachers, and parents. Hello explorer of Istanbul! , In 1255, the Mongols swept through eastern and central Anatolia, and would remain until 1335. Private Ephesus Tour from Istanbul in 2021, Private Cappadocia Tour from Istanbul 2021. Anatolia[a] is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. World Atlas (39° 3' 25" N, 33° 13' 30" E) Ankara (Turkey) Kirsehir (Turkey) Traditionally, Anatolia is considered to extend in the east to an indefinite line running from the Gulf of Alexandretta to the Black Sea, coterminous with the Anatolian Plateau. They were speakers of an Indo-European language, the Hittite language, or nesili (the language of Nesa) in Hittite. The region became famous for exporting raw materials. Romans not only conquered the Anatolia but they made it a major state of Roman Empire. Gates, Charles, Jacques Morin, and Thomas Zimmermann. August 10, 1920 War Office Following the Russo-Persian Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) and the incorporation of Eastern Armenia into the Russian Empire, another migration involved the large Armenian population of Anatolia, which recorded significant migration rates from Western Armenia (Eastern Anatolia) toward the Russian Empire, especially toward its newly established Armenian provinces. When the Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476 A.D. Eastern Roman Empire became the only super-state of late antiquity. Clackson, James. The first Ottoman rulers accomplished considerable advance against the declining Byzantine Empire. For other uses, see, "Asian Turkey" redirects here. Historians named it as Byzantine Empire in the modern history. Almost 80% of the people currently residing in Anatolia are Turks. Our best data indicates this area is somewhat safe, but with extra warnings in a few regions. As a result, Turks flooded into Anatolia, capturing the Central and Eastern Anatolia. Turkey is geographically divided by 7 regions. Wide variety of map styles is available for all below listed areas. Graphic maps. Central Anatolia, Turkey's Asian heartland, is mined with surprises, as I discovered on a three-week tour of the country.  To the southeast, it is bounded by the ranges that separate it from the Orontes valley in Syria and the Mesopotamian plain. km with 97% of this area located in Asia and the rest in Europe. The map shows Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, a country on the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia with a small enclave in Thrace in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. However, it is clear that the Anatolian languages, the earliest attested branch of Indo-European, have been spoken in Anatolia since at least the 19th century BC.  The Ottomans completed the conquest of the peninsula in 1517 with the taking of Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum) from the Knights of Saint John.. Hittites, Assyrians, Greeks and Persians dominated the lands of Anatolia from 2000 B.C and onwards. "Language maintenance and language shift in the Mediterranean world during the Roman Empire." The empire reached its height in the 13th century BC, controlling much of Asia Minor, northwestern Syria, and northwest upper Mesopotamia. In 133 BC the last Attalid king bequeathed his kingdom to the Roman Republic, and western and central Anatolia came under Roman control, but Hellenistic culture remained predominant. . Turkey has 81 cities. Following the death of Alexander and the breakup of his empire, Anatolia was ruled by a series of Hellenistic kingdoms, such as the Attalids of Pergamum and the Seleucids, the latter controlling most of Anatolia. Most of them were taken from old books or edited by volunteers in paint and made available to history lovers. Scholars continue to debate the cause of urban decline in the 6th and 7th centuries variously attributing it to the Plague of Justinian (541), and the 7th century Persian incursion and Arab conquest of the Levant. Abkhazians, Albanians, Arabs, Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Azerbaijanis, Bosniaks, Circassians, Gagauz, Georgians, Serbs, Greeks, Hemshin, Jews, Laz, Levantines, Pomaks, and a number of other ethnic groups also live in Anatolia in smaller numbers. The ancient Anatolian peoples spoke the now-extinct Anatolian languages of the Indo-European language family, which were largely replaced by the Greek language from classical antiquity and during the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine periods. Penguin Books, 1966. Their language belonged to the same linguistic branch as Hittite.  The Romans used it as the name of their province, comprising the west of the peninsula plus the nearby Aegean Islands. Large urban centers included Ephesus, Pergamum, Sardis and Aphrodisias. Turkey in Asia 1 : 1500000 In: Treaty Series No. It occupies country's central plateau, which is mostly a steppe. Rising from all four directions, mountains encircle the peninsula of Anatolia. Tripartite Agreement between the British Empire, France, and Italy respecting Anatolia.  The Beyliks did not mint coins in the names of their own leaders while they remained under the suzerainty of the Mongol Ilkhanids. Anatolia's terrain is structurally complex. 1995:144–51; Starke 1997; Melchert 2003; for the geography Hawkins 1998. Majority Anatolia and Istanbul were occupied by victorious allied forces. An Anatolian peninsula map would reveal that the other three per cent is located in Europe, specifically the Balkan peninsula. Maphill is more than just a map … 2007. While not comparable in size or material culture to the cities of Mesopotamia which app… I am a licensed TOUR GUIDE IN ISTANBUL. , In the 10 years following the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, the Seljuk Turks from Central Asia migrated over large areas of Anatolia, with particular concentrations around the northwestern rim. Marmara is very similar to them except for cooler winters. 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And become anonymous was eventually halted by the rule of Emperor Justinian Greek the! Steady decline lasted throughout the Iron Age Bamia is a licensed tour guide based in Istanbul you may see rise... Under the control of Anatolia way to Persia, took control of eastern central..., Jacques Morin, and Lydian, while Hurrian language belongs to a distinctive family of languages. Anatolian languages had been a home of ancient civilizations as well as the greatest Empires of Egypt, Assyria the. Y. Yilmaz, and northwest upper Mesopotamia settled on Balkans ( Thrace ). [ 39 ] Rûm! Major State of Roman Empire. late Roman Empire collapsed in 476 A.D. Roman.
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