This led to a shift from national food security to a concern with the food security and nutritional status of households and individuals. FAO and Guatemala Partner for Forests, Food Security and Livelihoods story highlights On the occasion of the International Day of Forests, the Government of Guatemala and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) announced a number of agreements to strengthen links between forests and trees and food security, climate change responses, and sustainable development. The indicators used for monitoring and evaluation are clearly linked to the problem analysis and the objectives. Building livelihood and community resilience Lessons from Somalia and Zimbabwe John Twigg and Margherita Calderone January 2019 Key messages • Resilience-building and livelihood approaches in fragile and volatile environments need adaptive management and flexible programming. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". People around Exposure to approaches and methods of livelihood analysis . We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security interventions. DFID sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets Author: DFID Year: 1999 Resource type: Official. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets on which livelihoods depend, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. The first section provides a summarised background of recent Indeed, sustainable livelihood, as a core concept, is conceived in the framework as exogenous, albeit implicitly. However, as we transitioned into the 1980s, many development practitioners realized that even with significant national-level surpluses, many households were still not obtaining adequate amounts of food for a healthy life. As a whole, this set of Guidance Sheets attempts to summarise and share emerging thinking on the sustainable livelihoods approach. DFID adapts a version of Chambers Conway’s definition of livelihoods: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS METHODS OVERVIEW 4.1 Although the term ‘methods’ is used as overall shorthand, it is important to note that data sources differ from the approaches employed when gathering data, and from alternative perspectives on problems or types of data analysis. Similarly, the programme strategy may work with different people in the community than the group we wish to help. By having a greater level of security and legal certainty of individual or collective tenure and better access to land administration services, families can make more appropriate decisions about the fate of their assets, such as investing to make their capital more productive, helping to reduce local disputes or strengthening their involvement in local decision-making spaces. Although livelihoods are not explicitly accounted for within nexus frameworks, a small but growing body of research has highlighted the value of nexus-based approaches for evaluating the effects of development on livelihoods and for promoting sustainable livelihood practices (e.g. Such measures are critical for donors and governments that need to make resource allocation decisions across regions or countries. Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP )1, which continues to explore good practice in a range of themes that are relevant to sustainable pastoral development. Humanitarian and peace responses can achieve sustainable results only if individuals, households and societies are resilient to conflicts and other shocks. It can be used in both planning new development activities and assessing the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities. An important part of most livelihood programming activities has been community capacity-building and institutional strengthening. They are not based on dramatically new methods but utilize the methods that have been developed over the past 20 years. Programme information systems should be set up to capture both the intended and unintended consequences of programme activities. FAO defi nes resilience as “the ability to prevent disasters and crises as well as to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover from them in a timely, effi cient and sustainable manner”1. ( 2013 ) focusing on sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) as a framework for understanding and guiding policy-making in coastal and marine social-ecological systems. As stated earlier, SLA projects/programmes can be either single-sector focused or multisector in scope. For example, in Haiti, Vietnam, and Cambodia, Oxfam America supports the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)—a low external input system that can save farmers seed, reduce water use, and lower greenhouse gas emissions while improving yields. We focus on sustainable agricultural practices to overcome environmental, climate, and technical hurdles while increasing outputs. It adopted the holistic analytical livelihood framework by: (i) treating the natural resource as just one among several assets4 that people draw upon to make a living. Out of this concern, the CGIAR centres were born, and significant increases in food supplies were created through crop research. During the 1990s until the present, there has been a shift from a material perspective focused on food production to a social perspective that focuses on the enhancement of peoples' capacities to secure their own livelihoods. Much of this thinking is derived from the participatory approaches that have become well integrated into the various implementing agencies' activities for project diagnosis and design. Livelihoods can therefore be affected by external factors which increase their resilience and consequently reduce their vulnerability. Sustainable livelihood. Among the major achievements of the framework is its contribution to engendering a significant shift in development thinking towards … To improve their livelihood conditions, people adopt … Household livelihood security is defined as adequate and sustainable access to income and resources to meet basic needs (Frankenberger 1996). It is important to take into consideration that natural resource management interventions that have public benefits do not always have direct benefits for the poor. Voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests, The LGAF: Land Governance Assessment Framework, Global Land Tool Network: Land Administration and Information, Consortium Research: Women’s Land tenure Security: A conceptual Framework, Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". There are a number of issues that have arisen in the application of SLA in the past several years. Criteria derived from participatory approaches are the changes that are meaningful to communities. Resources. Agricultural development has been important in recent years in reducing The DFID defines a sustainable livelihood (SL) based on capabilities, assets (both material and social resources) and activities required for living. It is this risk-management aspect that is often overlooked in institutional strengthening efforts. I will try to highlight some of the key issues and trends that I see are taking place as the approach gets operationalized in different settings by different institutions. Policies have considerable impact on people’s livelihoods. A specific livelihoods framework and objectives have been developed to assist with implementation, To sustain positive livelihood outcomes, effective local institutions that deliver goods and services must be in place. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. nutritional status) or on criteria identified by the communities. Livelihood strategies. 19 June 2019, Rome - FAO has … It does not offer definitive answers and guidelines. There are multiple entry points through which to begin programme activities. Sustainable Development Goal 15 is about Life on land. Macro-level policy changes can have a significant impact at the local level. The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood Framework’ (SLF) which is one of the most widely used livelihoods frameworks in development practice. The following report uses the Livelihoods Framework to structure the discussion of how to support sustainable pastoralism. FAO goes further to state that sustainable development cannot be achieved without resilient livelihoods. 19 June 2019, Rome - FAO has launched a new Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty to accelerate the UN agency's and its partners' efforts towards eradicating extreme poverty for … Institutions that are not able to mange risk effectively can quickly become overwhelmed, seriously jeopardizing their ability to continue to provide services. To measure the impact of a livelihood programme, it is important to measure criteria relevant to communities as well as normative criteria. The sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework provides a sound basis for indicator selection. According to the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), “the livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from any adverse situations and sudden shocks, like disaster, and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base” (FAO, 2009; Serrat, 2017). These measures may be location specific. The household evaluation framework is based on the concept of Sustainable Livelihoods (SL), which dates back to the work of Robert Chambers in the mid-‘80s1. This approach is influenced by many of the themes that we have already looked at in this unit, including those of integrated rural development, basic needs, participation and sustainable development. For this reason, SLA programmes must be able to mange partnerships at various levels. with livelihood promotion interventions ... promote resilient livelihoods and sustainable management of eco-systems, and stimulate pro-poor growth and inclusive rural development. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW 1.1 Sustainable livelihoods: Putting people at the centre of development The livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope and priorities for development. Normative measures are important for targeting and allowing for cross-regional comparisons. • Adaptable to multiple scales, SL considers stakeholder perspectives in indicator selection. Some of the first writings on sustainable livelihoods were beginning to appear in the farming systems literature in the late 1980s. Outcomes are measured to determine how successful households are in their livelihood strategies. FAO … Vulnerability is determined by the risks that households and communities are exposed to and their ability to use assets to cope with these risks. Presented by Timothy R. Frankenberger, CARE. As such much of the food security challenge in Bangladesh has historically been closely linked to the production of, and access to, rice at household level. Thus, we can see that the sustainable livelihood approaches in vogue today build on the experiences of the past. In the guide we believe that evaluating the effects of increasing security and legal certainty of tenure, as part of the country’s institutional services, will help strengthen capital (human, social, natural, physical and financial (see the definition of SL) linked to the greater resilience of households in poverty. Ongoing projects can incorporate a livelihood perspective during critical moments of their project cycle, such as during mid-term reviews or evaluations to determine if other factors beyond the sector constraints that the project is focusing on could influence the achievement of project objectives. The livelihood assets, It is important to identify which government, civic and private-sector institutions operate in a given livelihood setting to determine their relative strengths and weaknesses in delivering goods and services essential to secure livelihoods. Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Programme (Gcp/I... Download over time.The sustainable livelihoods framework provides a holistic analytical tool for investigating investment decisions within the context of diverse livelihood strategies (Figure 1). The SL framework does not seek to provide an exact representation of reality, but rather a view of the livelihoods of less advantaged populations. 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