A biome is a community of animals and plants spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate. Regions are the basic units of geography. The Deccan Plateau- a triangular landmass lying on the south of the Narmada River. Europe's most significant geological feature is the dichotomy between the highlands and mountains of Southern Europe and a vast, partially underwater, northern plain ranging from Great Britain in the west to the Ural Mountains in the east. Europes northernmost point is the Svalbard archipelago of Norway, and it reaches as far south as the islands of Greece and Malta. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Finland, Southern Germany, Switzerland, and Austria are also often considered part of Northwestern Europe. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west; by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) to the northeast; by Honduras to the east; by El Salvador to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the south. Melissa McDaniel Author of The Boundaries of the Canadian Confederation and others. b) It is the most densely populated of Europe's landscape regions. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. Glaciation is the process of land being transformed by glaciers or ice sheets. The geographic regions of the world can be divided into ten regions: Africa, Asia, Central America, Eastern Europe, European Union, Middle East, North America, Oceania, South America, and the Caribbean. These old fold mountains in the north and north-west extend from Norway and Sweden to Scotland. Europes main peninsulas are the Iberian, Italian, and Balkan, located in southern Europe, and the Scandinavian and Jutland, located in northern Europe. 3. Also called industrial agriculture. Europe is a land of physical features. Asia is the largest of the world’s continents, covering approximately 30 percent of the Earth’s land area. d) It has historically functioned as a barrier to contact and communication due to its marshy conditions A cape usually represents a marked change in trend of the coastline which makes them prone to natural forms of erosion, mainly tidal actions.This results in capes having a relatively short geological lifespan. The region includes the mountains of the Alps, Pyrenees, Apennines, Dinaric Alps, Balkans, and Carpathians. However, in geography, West Asia refers to the regions of Mesopotamia, Levant, Anatolia, the Armenian Highlands, Iran, Arabian Peninsula, South Caucasus, and the Sinai Peninsula. the study of the way human communities and systems interact with their environment. Prehistoric Western Europe. all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area. These are the Western Highlands, the Western Lowlands, the Eastern Highlands, the Eastern Lowlands, and the Rift Valley. The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats border the Deccan plateau on its eastern and western sides respectively. Also called boreal forest. Europe encompasses about four million square miles, making it the second smallest continent with regard to surface area. One of the ways in which to do that is by geographic regions. WESTERN EUROPE, PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES, What are the Alps?, What are the Apennines?, Where is the Rock of Gibraltar?, Where are the Highlands?, How wide is the Strait of Gibraltar?, Where is the southernmost glacier in Europe?, How many volcanoes are in Europe?, Which volcano poses the most risk to people in Europe?, How many volcanoes does Iceland have?, What is … Search through these resources to discover more about unique landforms and landscapes around the world. Tim Gunther, Illustrator, Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. the reduction or destruction of an ecosystem, making it less able to support its native species. Many other European rivers flow from the interior to the sea and are large enough for ships to traverse. The Central Uplands are lower in altitude and less rugged than the Alpine region and are heavily wooded. All rights reserved. Beginning in the 20th century, many governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have worked to restore some of Europes rich biodiversity. a) It contains the mountain ranges of the Alps. Its westernmost country is Iceland, which is located on the Mid-Atlantic ridge west of the Norwegian Sea. National Geographic Headquarters Paris, France, is at about the same latitude as Fargo, North Dakota. Central Africa’s most famous national park, Virunga National Park in Congo (Kinshasa), is home to elephants, lions, hippopotamuses, warthogs, forest hogs, okapis, and mountain gorillas on the volcano slopes. In the First campaign the French Army was responsible for the rest of the Western Front from Luxembourg to Switzerland, as were the American 12th Army and 6th Army Groups during the second campaign. The eastern portion of the country is the most industrialized but Vancouver, British Columbia, a major seaport, and Calgary, Alberta, are some western cities that are highly industrialized as well. ... we see that much of Europe lies north of the United States. Explain how Europe’s physical geography has supported its development. Touching 9 countries over its 1,771-mile length, the Danube River links Europeans to the Black Sea. Last Updated: ... reflecting the country’s history as ground once contested by two of Europe’s great powers. long, narrow ocean inlet between steep slopes. As glaciers receded from the area, they left a number of distinct physical features, including abundant marshlands, lakes, and fjords. Western Europe can be divided into a number of smaller geographic regions, including northern Europe, southern Europe, Central Europe, and the British Isles. The Central Highlands – lying on the north of the Narmada River and covering a large part of the Malwa Plateau. Most of Western Europe has a moderate type C climate. Europe is a wealthy continent and is the center of the West and Western Democracy. Andrew Turgeon, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society The region also has a strong history of Protestantism that differentiates it from its Mediterranean / Southern European / Latin and Eastern European / Slavic neighbours. All of the British Isles and the Low Countries, northern Spain, most of France and the westernmost half of Germany fall under the marine west coast climate … The Age of Exploration had a significant impact on geography. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. Geographically, Northwestern Europe usually consists of the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Northern France, Northern Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Iceland. It is bordered by the Adriatic Sea on the east coast, the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west or Mediterranean coast, and the Ionian Sea to the south.In the north, Italy is bordered by the countries of France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. Mitchell, North Carolina, US (highest peak of Appalachian Mountains) North America. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. National Geographic News: New Fault Found in Europe—May 'Close Up' Adriatic Sea, National Geographic News: Volcanic Ash Stops Europe Flights—Why Ash Is Dangerous, European Environment Agency: European Land Cover, National Geographic Education: Mapping Europe—Land Mammal Range. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. ancient, giant landmass that split apart to form all the continents we know today. These two halves are separated by the mountain chains of the Pyrenees and the Alps / Carpathians. Other important world mountain ranges include the Pyrenees, Tian Shan, Transantarctic Mountains, Atlas, and the Carpathians. The Central Uplands. Both peaceful intermingling and violent invasions of newcomers have resulted in a greater diversity in the genetics of the population, compared with neighboring regions. Moors and Saracens in Europe: estimating the medieval North African male legacy in southern Europe, Capelli et al. This plain is ringed almost completely by coastal … conditions that surround and influence an organism or community. The Deccan Plateau- a triangular landmass lying on the south of the Narmada River. It is home to many navigable rivers, including the Rhine, Weser, Elbe, Oder, and Vistula. Explore how they show up in various landscapes. Mt. The Highlands (Scots: the Hielands; Scottish Gaelic: a’ Ghàidhealtachd [ə ˈɣɛːəl̪ˠt̪ʰəxk], 'the place of the Gaels') is a historic region of Scotland. A definition of Northwestern Europe as an inclusive term for those European countries not falling within Southern Europe or Eastern Europe was used by some late 19th to mid 20th century anthropologists, eugenicists, and Nordicists, who used Northwestern Europe as a shorthand term for the region of Europe in which members of the Nordic race were concentrated, in contrast to the Eastern and Southern regions of Europe that contained Mediterranean peoples, Slavs, and other non-Nordic peoples. Frequent minimum definition of Northwestern Europe. Its capital city is Dublin. an animal that lives most of its life in the ocean but breathes air and gives birth to live young, such as whales and seals. Only Oceania has less landmass. World Map / World Atlas / Atlas of the World Including Geography Facts and Flags - WorldAtlas.com It was the first map, printed or manuscript, to depict clearly a separate Western Hemisphere, with the Pacific as a separate ocean. The North West Highlands Geopark is located in the far north of the Scottish mainland. AN OVERVIEW OF THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA . The European bison, the heaviest land animal on the continent, is one of the most threatened species. 2. 4. These resources can be used to teach middle schoolers more about the natural world, its distinctive features, and landscapes. If we compare Europe’s position on a globe with that of the contiguous United States, we see that much of Europe lies north of the United States. 3. All of the following are true about Northern Europe, except: There are problems with the physical environment. In military history, especially in Commonwealth countries, the battle honour North-West Europe has been used to refer to the two land campaigns in that approximate area during World War II. The Alpine region also includes active volcanoes, such as Mount Etna and Mount Vesuvius in Italy. [15][16][17] The definition of Northwestern Europe as correlating with Protestant Germanic Europe leads to somewhat the same definition as the geographical one above, but would tend to exclude northern France, Wallonia, Southern Netherlands, much of southern Germany, Austria, and Ireland. Glacial landforms, mapped around the Western Highlands, and in the Cairngorms and Northern Highlands, help constrain the dimensions of an extensive ice cap and several icefields that existed during the LLS (e.g. For instance in archaeology and ancient history, and it is used to differentiate the fertile crescent in Asia or Western Asia cultures as opposed to ancient Egypt. Alps. The differences in climate, terrain, and natural resources provide for a diversity of economic activities that influence cultural development within the European community. However, after facing the erosive action of glaciers for millions of years, they have been reduced to low hills with gentle slopes. Environmental and economic factors affect population density, distribution and structure. Gobinder Gobinder Answer: The north west high lands are the northern third of scotland which is separated from the Grampians mountains. In addition, Finland, Switzerland, and Austria are also frequently considered Northwestern Europe. On a map you will see that Europe is a large peninsula stretching to the west of Asia. type of plant or animal that is not indigenous to a particular area and causes economic or environmental harm. The significant difference is the exclusion of most of Egypt, which is often categorized as part of Africa, and the inclusion of the Caucasus region. The name West Asia or Western Asia is occasionally used only for grouping countries for statistical purposes and sometimes used in place of the political name of the Middle East. c) It does not include southeastern England. The North European Plains. Historically, when Europe … The Rhine flows 820 miles from the interior of Europe north to the North Sea. Moose, bear, and elk are native to the European taiga.Just south of the taiga is a mixture of coniferous and deciduous trees, including beech, ash, poplar, and willow. As you can imagine, the European way of life involves using these bodies of water for both business and pleasure. Dunn, Margery G. (Editor). The North West Highlands: These highlands in the west are composed of deep valleys, plains, plateaus and rugged mountains. Guatemala is a country located in Central America. The European Lowland is the most populated area in the continent of Europe. By traveling to different regions around the globe, explorers were able to learn more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and bring that knowledge back to Europe. Resources can be natural or human. A. Eurasia is a larger continent B. Landforms are natural and distinctive features. The term is also used for the area north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, … [18][19][20][21][22][23] Under this racialist view, all of the Germanic countries and areas such as northern France, which historically contains large numbers of people of Gaulish, Norman, and Germanic Frankish descent, would be included as Northwestern Europe, due in part to the predominance of phenotypically Nordic people within these areas.[17][24][25]. What is true about the geography of the North European Lowland? The Central Highlands – lying on the north of the Narmada River and covering a large part of the Malwa Plateau. Southern France is not regarded as northwestern, as it is usually geographically and culturally considered part of the Mediterranean region or Southern Europe. The Equator, or line of 0 degrees latitude, divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The world can be divided into the following geographical regions: 1. New York, New York, John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2001. Appalachian Mountains. The link between these peninsulas has made Europe a dominant economic, social, and cultural force throughout recorded history.Europes physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately.Europe can be divided into four major physical regions, running from north to south: Western Uplands, North European Plain, Central Uplands, and Alpine Mountains. (2009) A major Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b Holocene era founder effect in Central and Western Europe, Myres et al. It includes parts of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Poland, the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), and Belarus. The North-western Highlands. all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time. North European PlainThe North European Plain extends from the southern United Kingdom east to Russia. Manufacturing is a major part of the economies of these countries. The area is dominate mostly by Evangelical Lutheran Christianity. Europe itself has many smaller peninsulas, so it is sometimes called a “peninsula of peninsulas.” Because of these peninsulas, most locations in Europe are no more than 300 miles from an ocean or sea. A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides. type of plant that sheds its leaves once a year. A fjord is a long and narrow inlet of the sea that is surrounded by high, rugged cliffs. thick layer of glacial ice that covers a large area of land. The Gulf Stream originates in the Gulf of Mexico, where the waters are warmed. The word … The region comprises Wester Ross, Assynt, Sutherland and part of Caithness. Most Renewable Electricity ProducedIceland (99.9%; hydropower, geothermal), Population Density188 people per square kilometer, Largest WatershedVolga River (1.38 million square km/532,821 square miles), Highest ElevationMount Elbrus, Russia (5,642 meters/18,510 feet), Largest Urban AreaMoscow, Russia (16.2 million people). region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark. Paris, France, is at about the same latitude as Fargo, North Dakota. The North- Western Highlands: The highlands of north and north- west from Norway and Sweden in the east and Scotland in the west. Western Europe is the region of Europe farthest from Asia, with the countries and territories included varying depending on context.. Only after the beginning of the foreign conquests of the Age of Discovery, the autonomous discourse of "Europe" as "the West" began to protractedly detach itself from the unifying narrative of "Christendom", the hitherto dominant identity system in the area, in which was … The region can be defined both geographically and ethnographically. She or he will best know the preferred format. Add your answer and earn points. Although this area remains heavily forested, the continents forests were drastically reduced as a result of intense urbanization throughout human history. Western European climates tend to be noticeably milder than their latitudinal equivalents in North America because? introduction of harmful materials into the environment. ; Miller, Peter O. Geography: Realms Regions and Concepts 10 th edition. Western Europe is closer to the North Pole C. of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean … Italy is a Mediterranean country located in southern Europe. a group of closely scattered islands in a large body of water. In Europe, late Triassic-early Jurassic times commenced with a major transgression of the Tethys Sea and the establishment of a broad, open-marine shelf sea that occupied much of southern Germany, the Paris Basin, the Celtic Sea-Western Approaches region, the Irish Sea, the southern and central North Sea, Denmark and northern Germany. These highlands are defined by hard ancient. Units of the First Canadian Army fought in five major campaigns in North-West Europe, including the Battle of Normandy, the battles for the Channel Ports, the Battle of the Scheldt, the Rhineland fighting in February and March 1945, and the final operations east of the River Rhine. Migration has positive and negative effects on a country or area. ... , H.J. The differences in climate, terrain, and natural resources provide for a diversity of economic activities that influence cultural development within the European community. an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. West Asia occasionally overlaps with the geographical area of the Middle East. Each represents a different physical part of … person who works to preserve natural habitats. The Western Uplands is defined by hard, ancient rock that was shaped by glaciation. Two separate battle honours were awarded to regiments who took part in these campaigns. The Alps stretch from southeastern Spain to the Balkans, and include Mont Blanc, the highest point in western Europe. And every single country in it in southern Europe animal on the of..., State, or Northwest Europe, is at about the same for... 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